Argentina

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Argentina
Argentina-flag.gif
Information
Region Latin America
Population 40301927
GDP (millions USD) 259,999
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction permitted
Eggs for research no policy
Inheritable genetic modification no policy
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection no policy
Surrogacy ?
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Reproducción Médicamente Asistida Ley 26.862 Acceso integral a los procedimientos y técnicas médico-asistenciales de reproducción médicamente asistida. Sancionada: Junio 5 de 2013 (Medically Assisted Reproduction Law 26.862 Comprehensive access to medical care procedures and techniques of medically assisted reproduction; enacted: June 5, 2013.)
  • The law provides citizens (without limitations on marriage or sexual orientation) with coverage for simple and complex fertilization techniques (including for example, with or without a donation of gametes or embryos).
  • Prohibition on Human Cloning Research, Decree No. 200/97, ([Prohíbese los Experimentos de Clonación Relacionados con Seres Humanos]) (March 7, 1997)[1]

Foundational values

  • The new laws governing Assisted Reproduction are based upon corroborative and preexisting rights under the Argentinean Constitution (Article 75, Section 22) and international treaties regarding non-discrimination and the right to raise a family, in close connection with the right to health.
  • The Prohibition on Human Cloning Research states that "it is the indelegable function of the government to defend the human dignity of all human beings, preserve their health and protect their quality of life. In addition, the government recognizes that scientific advances in cloning technology create ethical problems that opposes their own cultural values making it necessary to regulate all cloning experiments in relation to human beings."

Prohibited practices

  • The Prohibition on Human Cloning Research prohibits both reproductive and research cloning.

Permitted and regulated practices

  • In 2013, the first recognition by a court of a surrogacy arrangement occurred. It declared a couple parenting a child born as a result of an altruistic surrogacy arrangement to be the legal parents of that child, pursuant to Article 16 of Argentina's Constitution and the Children's Rights Convention. The couple's own eggs and sperm were used, and the surrogate was a friend.
  • Surrogacy, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, and egg provision are covered by ethical guidelines.
  • Argentina also recently adopted new ethical guidelines that now permit embryo experimentation on non-viable embryos with stringent experimental protocols required.


External links

[edit] References

  1. George J. Annas, Lori B. Andrews and Rosario M. Isasi, "Protecting the Endangered Human: Toward an International Treaty Prohibiting Cloning and Inheritable Alterations," American Journal of Law and Medicine (Vol. 28. Nos. 2 & 3, 2002).