Austria

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Austria
Austria-flag.jpg
Information
Region Europe
Population 8316487
GDP (millions USD) 373,943
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research PROHIBITED
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention not signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention not signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

Prohibited practices include:

  • Reproductive cloning
  • Research cloning
  • Inheritable genetic modification (implicitly)
  • Surrogate motherhood
  • Sex selection
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (implicitly)
  • Embryonic stem cell research
  • Providing gametes for research or another's reproduction

The 2004 Bioethics Commission Report on preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) clarifies the "unanimous opinion" that the 1992 Act effectively bans PGD with this language: "Viable cells must not be used for any other purpose than for medicine supported reproduction. They may be examined and treated only to the extent as required according to the state of the art of scientific medicine and experience to induce a pregnancy. The same thing applies to sperm or egg cells to be used for medicine supported reproductions."[1]

Permitted and regulated practices

  • The law permits access to medically assisted reproductive procedures only by married or stable heterosexual couples.
  • Only those couples where the male is sterile may have access.
  • Any form of egg cell donation is prohibited.
  • Sperm donation is prohibited for single women or lesbian couples

[edit] References

  1. Bioethics Commission at the Federal Chancellery, "Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)," Vienna, July 2004.