Brazil

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Brazil
Brazil flag.jpg
Information
Region Latin America
Population 186757608
GDP (millions USD) 1313590
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research no policy
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection no policy
Surrogacy commercial prohibited
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)

Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines:

Prohibited practices

The Law on Biosafety prohibits:

  • Reproductive cloning
  • Research cloning
  • Inheritable genetic modification (Article 6)
  • The creation, banking, and manipulation of human embryos destined to be used as "disposable biological material"

Commercial practices associated with gamete or embryo donation or surrogacy are prohibited (Part IV and Part VII of the Resolution CFM No 1957, 2010).

Permitted and regulated practices

The Law on Biosafety permits working with human genes in vivo for "diagnostic, preventive and treatment purposes of illnesses and anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety. The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.

Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines.

  • Anonymous egg donation is permitted after screening
  • Egg donor must be under 35 years of age
  • Egg sharing is permitted
  • Embryo donation is permitted
  • Surrogacy is permitted pursuant to guidelines in limited circumstances. The surrogate must be related to the commissioning husband or wife, but exemptions may be allowed by regional medical councils. No payment is allowed.

[edit] References