Difference between revisions of "Chile"

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|Sex selection=?
 
|Sex selection=?
 
|Surrogacy=unrecognized
 
|Surrogacy=unrecognized
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|European Union=
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|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
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|Council of Europe=
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|2005 UN Cloning Vote=YES
 
|2005 UN Cloning Vote=YES
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|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
|Permitted and regulated practices=Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and providing eggs for reproduction are covered by guidelines, implying the absence of national law. <ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
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|Introduction=
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|Key laws and policies=
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|Foundational values=
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|Prohibited practices=* Human cloning is prohibited
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* Destroying human embryos to obtain stem cells is prohibited [1]
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|Permitted and regulated practices=There is no national law regulating assisted reproduction in Chile.
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* The Chilean Ministry of Health published 'Rules Applicable to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer' in 1985 [2], however they are more like guidelines and do not have legal force. The rules establish general steps for IVF, and suggest that all created embryos should be transferred to the mother and cryoperservation (freezing) is not permitted.
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* In 1998, a law was introduced to the Chilean civil code about assisted procreation by establishing that “the father and the mother of a child conceived through the application of assisted human reproductive technology are the man and women who committed to it.” [3]
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* Sperm and egg donation are practiced.
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|Regulatory activities=
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|Accountability and governance=
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|History=
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|External links=[1]Law no. 20.120, Sobre la Investigación Científica en el Ser Humano, su Genoma, y prohíbe la Clonación Humana [On Scientific Research in the Human Being, its genome, and the prohibition of Human Cloning], Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], B. O., Sept. 22, 2006. Article 6: Tissue and organs may only be cultivated for the purpose of diagnostic treatment or scientific research.
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[2] Resolution no. 1072, Normas Aplicables a la Fertilización in Vitro y la Transferencia Embrionaria [Rules Applicable to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer], Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], 28 de junio de 1985 (Chile 1985). (available at juridico1.minsal.cl/RESOLUCION_1072_85.doc accessed 05 November 2014)
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[3]Código Civil; Filiación; Ley no. 19.585 Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], 1998(Artículo 182. 'El padre y la madre del hijo concebido mediante la aplicación de técnicas de reproducción humana asistida son el hombre y la mujer que se sometieron a ellas'.) available at http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=126366 (accessed 05 November 2014)
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Revision as of 05:15, 5 November 2014

Chile
Chile.jpg
Information
Region Latin America
Population 16598074
GDP (millions USD) 163,792
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction no policy
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning ?
Research cloning ?
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy unrecognized
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified



Contents

Prohibited practices

  • Human cloning is prohibited
  • Destroying human embryos to obtain stem cells is prohibited [1]

Permitted and regulated practices

There is no national law regulating assisted reproduction in Chile.

  • The Chilean Ministry of Health published 'Rules Applicable to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer' in 1985 [2], however they are more like guidelines and do not have legal force. The rules establish general steps for IVF, and suggest that all created embryos should be transferred to the mother and cryoperservation (freezing) is not permitted.
  • In 1998, a law was introduced to the Chilean civil code about assisted procreation by establishing that “the father and the mother of a child conceived through the application of assisted human reproductive technology are the man and women who committed to it.” [3]
  • Sperm and egg donation are practiced.


External links

[1]Law no. 20.120, Sobre la Investigación Científica en el Ser Humano, su Genoma, y prohíbe la Clonación Humana [On Scientific Research in the Human Being, its genome, and the prohibition of Human Cloning], Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], B. O., Sept. 22, 2006. Article 6: Tissue and organs may only be cultivated for the purpose of diagnostic treatment or scientific research.

[2] Resolution no. 1072, Normas Aplicables a la Fertilización in Vitro y la Transferencia Embrionaria [Rules Applicable to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer], Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], 28 de junio de 1985 (Chile 1985). (available at juridico1.minsal.cl/RESOLUCION_1072_85.doc accessed 05 November 2014)

[3]Código Civil; Filiación; Ley no. 19.585 Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], 1998(Artículo 182. 'El padre y la madre del hijo concebido mediante la aplicación de técnicas de reproducción humana asistida son el hombre y la mujer que se sometieron a ellas'.) available at http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=126366 (accessed 05 November 2014)

References