Chile

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Chile
Chile.jpg
Information
Region Latin America
Population 16598074
GDP (millions USD) 163,792
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction no policy
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning ?
Research cloning ?
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy unrecognized
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified


Contents

Key laws and policies

There is no national law regulating assisted reproduction in Chile.

Prohibited practices

  • Human cloning is prohibited
  • Destroying human embryos to obtain stem cells is prohibited [1]

Permitted and regulated practices

  • Sperm and egg donation are practiced. (However note there are no sperm banks in Chile, and donated sperm is sent from abroad).
  • Article 182 of the Chilean civil code provides that “the father and the mother of a child conceived through the application of assisted human reproductive technology are the man and women who committed to it.” [2]

Accountability and governance

  • In 1985 the Chilean Ministry of Health published 'Rules Applicable to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer'[3]. The rules do not have legal force, and may serve as guidelines. The rules establish general steps for IVF, and suggest that all created embryos should be transferred to the mother and cryoperservation (freezing) is not permitted.
  • Many clinics follow the ethical standards set by the Latin American Network of Assisted Reproduction in 1995. These standards provide that gamete donation must be uncompensated. [4]
  • Others are follow criteria defined by the American Fertility Society and European Society of Fertility [5].

External links

[1]Law no. 20.120, Sobre la Investigación Científica en el Ser Humano, su Genoma, y prohíbe la Clonación Humana [On Scientific Research in the Human Being, its genome, and the prohibition of Human Cloning], Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], B. O., Sept. 22, 2006. Article 6: Tissue and organs may only be cultivated for the purpose of diagnostic treatment or scientific research.

[2]Código Civil; Filiación; Ley no. 19.585 Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], 1998(Artículo 182. 'El padre y la madre del hijo concebido mediante la aplicación de técnicas de reproducción humana asistida son el hombre y la mujer que se sometieron a ellas'.) available at http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=126366 (accessed 05 November 2014).

[3] Resolution no. 1072, Normas Aplicables a la Fertilización in Vitro y la Transferencia Embrionaria [Rules Applicable to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer], Ministerio de Salud [Ministry of Health], 28 de junio de 1985 (Chile 1985). (available at juridico1.minsal.cl/RESOLUCION_1072_85.doc (accessed 05 November 2014).

[4] 'Cosenso Latino Amerciano en apectos etico-legales relativso a las tecnicas de reproduccion asistida' Reñaca, CHILE 1995, Available at http://www.redlara.com/images/arq/consenso_%20Chile.PDF, (accessed 05 November 2014).

[5] For example, see Red Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile,Compromiso Etico, http://www.reproduccion.cl/index-21.html (accessed 05 November 2014).

See also Co-padres.net. Reproducción asistida,donación de semen y coparentalidad: la legislación en Chile. Available at: http://www.co-padres.net/leyes-donantes-de-semen-en-Chile.php, (accessed 05 November 2014).

References