Difference between revisions of "Cyprus"

From BioPolicyWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
 
m
 
(3 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 11: Line 11:
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
|Sex selection=social uses prohibited
+
|Sex selection=?
|Surrogacy=?
+
|Surrogacy=no policy
 
|European Union=Member
 
|European Union=Member
 +
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
 
|Council of Europe=Member
 
|Council of Europe=Member
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=RATIFIED
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=RATIFIED
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=RATIFIED
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UN Cloning Vote=no
 
|2005 UN Cloning Vote=no
 +
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=signed
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=signed
|Key laws and policies=* Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning (1997, 1998), ratified by Law 31(III)/2001, article 38
+
|Introduction=
|Prohibited practices=Ratification of the [[Council of Europe]] Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning commits Cyprus to prohibit
+
|Key laws and policies=* Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning (1997, 1998), ratified by Law 31(III)/2001, Article 38
 +
|Foundational values=
 +
|Prohibited practices=Ratification of the [[Council of Europe]] Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning commits Cyprus to prohibit:
 
* Inheritable genetic modification
 
* Inheritable genetic modification
 
* Reproductive cloning
 
* Reproductive cloning
Line 27: Line 31:
 
* PGD for social purposes
 
* PGD for social purposes
 
* Somatic genetic enhancement
 
* Somatic genetic enhancement
 +
|Permitted and regulated practices=
 +
|Regulatory activities=Note regarding surrogacy: At present there are no laws governing surrogacy in Cyprus, and couples seeking such treatment either go abroad or make private arrangements. However, such arrangements may leave legal uncertainty as they are not regulated.
 +
 +
Laws concerning surrogacy have been under consideration by the Cyprus government for some time. A bill introduced in Parliament in January 2014, Bill on the Application of Medically Assisted Human Reproduction, would:
 +
 +
* Strictly prohibit commercial transactions and advertising of a woman's intention to be a surrogate or for a couple seeking a surrogate.
 +
* Permit gestational surrogacy using the eggs and sperm of a heterosexual couple intended to be parents, or using the eggs and sperm of donors if the intended parents cannot use their own eggs/sperm. The couple would then be granted legal parentage.
 +
* Require pre-approval by the Court, medical and psychological screening of the surrogate mother, and the intended parents' responsibility for all costs related to the pregnancy.
 +
 +
The surrogate or intended mother may challenge motherhood, if it is proven the child is genetically related to the surrogate.
 +
 +
The current status of the bill is unknown.
 +
|Accountability and governance=
 +
|History=
 +
|External links=
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 13:43, 8 July 2015

Cyprus
Cyprus-flag.gif
Information
Region Asia
Population 788,457
GDP (millions USD) 21,303
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction ?
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon signed


Key laws and policies

  • Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning (1997, 1998), ratified by Law 31(III)/2001, Article 38

Prohibited practices

Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning commits Cyprus to prohibit:

  • Inheritable genetic modification
  • Reproductive cloning
  • Research cloning
  • Sex selection for social purposes
  • PGD for social purposes
  • Somatic genetic enhancement

Regulatory activities

Note regarding surrogacy: At present there are no laws governing surrogacy in Cyprus, and couples seeking such treatment either go abroad or make private arrangements. However, such arrangements may leave legal uncertainty as they are not regulated.

Laws concerning surrogacy have been under consideration by the Cyprus government for some time. A bill introduced in Parliament in January 2014, Bill on the Application of Medically Assisted Human Reproduction, would:

  • Strictly prohibit commercial transactions and advertising of a woman's intention to be a surrogate or for a couple seeking a surrogate.
  • Permit gestational surrogacy using the eggs and sperm of a heterosexual couple intended to be parents, or using the eggs and sperm of donors if the intended parents cannot use their own eggs/sperm. The couple would then be granted legal parentage.
  • Require pre-approval by the Court, medical and psychological screening of the surrogate mother, and the intended parents' responsibility for all costs related to the pregnancy.

The surrogate or intended mother may challenge motherhood, if it is proven the child is genetically related to the surrogate.

The current status of the bill is unknown.