Key laws and policies
- Act on Research on Human Embryonic Stem Cells and Related Activities and on Amendment to Some Related Acts, 227/2006 Coll. Part: 75/2006 Coll. (June 1, 2006)
- Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning (1997, 1998)
The Act on Research on Human Embryonic Stem Cells prohibits
- the creation of an embryo for purposes other than reproduction
- human-animal hybrids
- implanting a human embryo into an animal uterus
- reproductive cloning
Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights and Additional Protocol on Cloning commits the Czech Republic to prohibit
- Inheritable genetic modification
- Reproductive cloning
- Research cloning
- Sex selection for social purposes
- PGD for social purposes
- Somatic genetic enhancement
Permitted and regulated practices
The Act on Research on Human Embryonic Stem Cells
- limits PGD to "exclude risks of serious genetically conditioned diseases and defects."
- limits sex selection to "prevent serious Mendel-type sex-related genetically conditioned diseases that a) are incompatible with the postnatal development of a child, b) significantly shorten the life, c) cause early disablement or other serious health consequences, or d) are untreatable given our present level of knowledge."
- permits providing eggs for reproductive purposes only without compensation.
There is no law addressing surrogacy.
Human embryonic stem cell research requires permission from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport.
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)