Key laws and policies
- Act on Medically Assisted Procreation in connection with medical treatment, diagnosis and research, No. 460 (June 10, 1997), amended by Act No. 427 (June 2003); Act 535 (June 2006); 240 in 2007. Also note introduction of Order number 1724 (December 21, 2006).
- Act on a Scientific, Ethical Committee System and the Handling of Biomedical Research Projects, No. 503 (1992)
- Act on Adoption, No. 326 (June 4, 1986)
- Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights (1997)
The Act on Medically Assisted Procreation prohibits work on human reproductive cloning, including research cloning.
The Act on a Scientific, Ethical Committee System and the Handling of Biomedical Research Projects prohibits:
- Experiments whose purpose is to enable the production of genetically identical human beings
- Experiments whose purpose is to enable the production of human beings by the fusion of genetically different embryos
- The production of human-animal chimeras
- The creation of human being in the uterus of another animal
Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights commits Denmark to prohibit:
- Inheritable genetic modification
- Research cloning
- Sex selection for social purposes
- PGD for social purposes
- Somatic genetic enhancement
Commercial surrogacy is prohibited.
Advertising for surrogacy is prohibited.
Permitted and regulated practices
- The National Board of Health can permit the use of PGD in association with artificial fertilization in cases related to the treatment of children with potential lethal diseases.
- Sex selection is permitted by the Act on Medically Assisted Procreation only to prevent a serious sex-linked hereditary disease.
- Research on fertilized eggs and on gametes intended for use in fertilization may only be carried out for the purpose of:
- Improving IVF or similar techniques
- Improving techniques for the genetic testing of a fertilized oocyte with a view to establishing the possible presence of a serious hereditary disease or an important chromosome abnormality (preimplantation diagnosis)
- Obtaining new knowledge that could improve the possibilities of treating diseases in human beings
- Altruistic surrogacy is permissible, but payments and advertising are prohibited, and contracts are not recognized.