Eggs for assisted reproduction

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The first “test-tube baby” was born in England in 1978, and since that time this and other assisted reproductive techniques have become widespread throughout the world. Some countries prohibit all or most assisted reproduction practices, notably those that involve the creation and destruction of human embryos. Other countries permit and regulate these practices, but prohibit payment for women’s eggs used in the procedure beyond reimbursement for specified reasonable costs. At the present time no countries explicitly sanction the commercial sale of eggs for assisted reproduction, although in some countries the lack of regulatory oversight has allowed this practice to flourish.


Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding the use of women’s eggs for assisted reproduction purposes.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • commercial prohibited: Commercial use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law, but non-commercial use is allowed.
  • commercial allowed: Commercial use of this practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but policies concerning compensation are unknown.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


  Region Population Eggs for assisted reproduction
Afghanistan Asia 31,889,923 ?
Albania Europe 3,600,523 ?
Algeria Africa 38,481,705 PROHIBITED
Andorra Europe 71,822 ?
Angola Africa 15,941,000 ?
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America 82,786 ?
Argentina Latin America 40,301,927 permitted
Armenia Asia 3,229,900 permitted
Australia Oceania 21,260,000 commercial prohibited
Austria Europe 8,316,487 PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan Asia 8,653,000 ?
Bahamas Latin America 330,549 ?
Bahrain Asia 1,046,814 PROHIBITED
Bangladesh Asia 150,448,340 ?
Barbados Latin America 279,000 ?
Belarus Europe 9,689,800 permitted
Belgium Europe 10,584,534 commercial prohibited
Belize Latin America 314,275 ?
Benin Africa 8,439,000 ?
Bhutan Asia 672,425 ?
Bolivia Latin America 9,119,152 ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 3,981,239 ?
Botswana Africa 1,639,833 ?
Brazil Latin America 186,757,608 commercial prohibited
Brunei Asia 391,450 ?
Bulgaria Europe 7,933,000 commercial prohibited
Burkina Faso Africa 13,228,000 ?
Burundi Africa 7,548,000 ?
Cambodia Asia 13,971,000 ?
Cameroon Africa 17,795,000 ?
Canada Northern America 33,255,000 commercial prohibited
Cape Verde Africa 499,796 ?
Central African Republic Africa 4,216,666 ?
Chad Africa 10,780,600 ?
Chile Latin America 16,598,074 no policy
China Asia 1,321,851,888 commercial prohibited
Colombia Latin America 44,087,000 permitted
Comoros Africa 798,000 ?
Cook Islands Oceania 18,700 ?
Costa Rica Latin America 4,133,884 PROHIBITED
Croatia Europe 4,453,500 permitted
Cuba Latin America 11,394,043 permitted
Cyprus Asia 788,457 ?
Czech Republic Europe 10,381,130 commercial prohibited
Côte d'Ivoire Africa 18,013,409 ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 62,600,000 ?
Denmark Europe 5,475,791 commercial allowed
Djibouti Africa 496,374 ?
Dominica Latin America 71,727 ?
Dominican Republic Latin America 9,760,000 ?
Ecuador Latin America 13,755,680 no policy
Egypt Africa 80,335,036 PROHIBITED
El Salvador Latin America 6,600,000 ?
Equatorial Guinea Africa 504,000 ?
Eritrea Africa 4,401,009 ?
Estonia Europe 1,340,602 commercial prohibited
Ethiopia Africa 75,067,000 ?
Fiji Oceania 853,445 ?
Finland Europe 5,308,208 commercial prohibited
France Europe 64,473,140 commercial allowed
Gabon Africa 1,454,867 ?
Gambia Africa 1,700,000 ?
Georgia Asia 4,661,473 ?
Germany Europe 82,210,000 PROHIBITED
Ghana Africa 23,000,000 ?
Greece Europe 11,216,708 commercial prohibited
Grenada Latin America 110,000 ?
Guatemala Latin America 13,000,000 ?
Guinea Africa 9,402,000 ?
Guinea-Bissau Africa 1,586,000 ?
Guyana Latin America 751,000 ?
Haiti Latin America 8,706,497 ?
Honduras Latin America 7,483,763 ?
Hong Kong Asia 7,234,800 PROHIBITED
Hungary Europe 10,053,000 commercial allowed
Iceland Europe 316,252 permitted
India Asia 1,132,446,000 no policy
Indonesia Asia 234,693,997 ?
Iran Asia 71,208,000 ?
Iraq Asia 29,267,000 ?
Ireland Europe 6,000,000 commercial prohibited
Israel Asia 7,282,000 commercial prohibited
Italy Europe 59,448,163 PROHIBITED
Jamaica Latin America 2,651,000 no policy
Japan Asia 127,433,494 PROHIBITED
Jordan Asia 6,053,193 PROHIBITED
Kazakhstan Asia 15,217,711 ?
Kenya Africa 34,707,800 ?
Kiribati Oceania 103,500 ?
Kosovo Asia 1,859,203 ?
Kuwait Asia 2,390,543 ?
Kyrgyzstan Asia 5,264,000 ?
Laos Asia 6,521,998 ?
Latvia Europe 2,270,700 permitted
Lebanon Asia 4,196,453 PROHIBITED
Lesotho Africa 1,795,000 ?
Liberia Africa 3,386,000 ?
Libya Africa 6,173,579 PROHIBITED
Liechtenstein Europe 35,365 ?
Lithuania Europe 3,369,600 PROHIBITED
Luxembourg Europe 480,222 ?
Macedonia Europe 2,038,514 permitted
Madagascar Africa 19,448,815 ?
Malawi Africa 12,884,000 ?
Malaysia Asia 27,496,000 commercial prohibited
Maldives Asia 300,000 PROHIBITED
Mali Africa 11,995,402 ?
Malta Europe 402,000 ?
Marshall Islands Oceania 61,963 ?
Mauritania Africa 3,069,000 ?
Mauritius Africa 1,256,739 PROHIBITED
Mexico Latin America 108,700,891 no policy
Micronesia Oceania 107,862 ?
Moldova Europe 4,128,047 ?
Monaco Europe 32,671 ?
Mongolia Asia 2,951,786 ?
Montenegro Europe 684,736 commercial prohibited
Morocco Africa 33,757,175 PROHIBITED
Mozambique Africa 21,397,000 ?
Myanmar Asia 55,390,000 ?
Namibia Africa 1,820,916 ?
Nauru Oceania 9,275 ?
Nepal Asia 28,901,790 ?
Netherlands Europe 16,408,557 commercial prohibited
New Zealand Oceania 4,252,000 commercial prohibited
Nicaragua Latin America 5,603,000 ?
Niger Africa 13,957,000 ?
Nigeria Africa 148,000,000 ?
North Korea Asia 23,301,725 ?
Norway Europe 4,752,735 PROHIBITED
Oman Asia 3,204,897 PROHIBITED
Pakistan Asia 169,300,000 ?
Palau Oceania 20,842 ?
Palestine Asia 4,550,368 ?
Panama Latin America 3,320,000 ?
Papua New Guinea Oceania 6,300,000 ?
Paraguay Latin America 6,158,000 ?
Peru Latin America 28,674,757 no policy
Philippines Asia 90,500,000 PROHIBITED
Poland Europe 38,518,241 ?
Portugal Europe 10,848,692 permitted
Qatar Asia 907,229 PROHIBITED
Republic of the Congo Africa 3,999,000 ?
Romania Europe 22,246,862 commercial prohibited
Russia Europe 142,008,838 commercial allowed
Rwanda Africa 10,186,063 ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America 42,696 ?
Saint Lucia Latin America 160,765 ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America 110,000 ?
Samoa Oceania 214,265 ?
San Marino Europe 29,615 ?
Saudi Arabia Asia 27,601,038 PROHIBITED
Senegal Africa 11,658,000 ?
Serbia Europe 10,150,265 permitted
Seychelles Africa 80,699 ?
Sierra Leone Africa 5,900,000 ?
Singapore Asia 4,680,600 commercial prohibited
Slovakia Europe 5,447,502 permitted
Slovenia Europe 2,023,358 commercial prohibited
Solomon Islands Oceania 552,438 ?
Somalia Africa 9,558,666 ?
South Africa Africa 43,700,000 commercial prohibited
South Korea Asia 49,044,790 commercial prohibited
South Sudan Africa 8,260,490 ?
Spain Europe 45,200,737 commercial prohibited
Sri Lanka Asia 19,668,000 permitted
Sudan Africa 39,379,358 ?
Suriname Latin America 470,784 ?
Swaziland Africa 1,032,000 ?
Sweden Europe 9,182,927 commercial prohibited
Switzerland Europe 7,591,400 PROHIBITED
Syria Asia 19,405,000 PROHIBITED
São Tomé and Príncipe Africa 157,000 ?
Taiwan Asia 22,911,000 commercial prohibited
Tajikistan Asia 6,920,300 PROHIBITED
Tanzania Africa 37,849,133 ?
Thailand Asia 63,038,247 commercial prohibited
Timor-Leste Asia 1,115,000 ?
Togo Africa 5,700,000 ?
Tonga Oceania 112,000 ?
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America 1,305,000 ?
Tunisia Africa 10,102,000 PROHIBITED
Turkey Asia 70,586,256 PROHIBITED
Turkmenistan Asia 5,110,023 ?
Tuvalu Oceania 11,992 ?
Uganda Africa 30,900,000 ?
Ukraine Europe 46,372,700 permitted
United Arab Emirates Asia 46,372,700 PROHIBITED
United Kingdom Europe 60,587,300 commercial prohibited
United States
Uruguay Latin America 3,460,607 commercial prohibited
Uzbekistan Asia 26,593,000 ?
Vanuatu Oceania 209,000 ?
Venezuela Latin America 28,199,822 no policy
Vietnam Asia 87,375,000 commercial prohibited
Yemen Africa 23,013,376 PROHIBITED
Zambia Africa 11,668,000 ?
Zimbabwe Africa 13,010,000 ?