Eggs for assisted reproduction

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The first “test-tube baby” was born in England in 1978, and since that time this and other assisted reproductive techniques have become widespread throughout the world. Some countries prohibit all or most assisted reproduction practices, notably those that involve the creation and destruction of human embryos. Other countries permit and regulate these practices, but prohibit payment for women’s eggs used in the procedure beyond reimbursement for specified reasonable costs. At the present time no countries explicitly sanction the commercial sale of eggs for assisted reproduction, although in some countries the lack of regulatory oversight has allowed this practice to flourish.


Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding the use of women’s eggs for assisted reproduction purposes.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • commercial prohibited: Commercial use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law, but non-commercial use is allowed.
  • commercial allowed: Commercial use of this practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but policies concerning compensation are unknown.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


Country Region Population Eggs for assisted reproduction
Afghanistan Asia 3188990031,889,900 ?
Albania Europe 36005203,600,520 ?
Algeria Africa 3333320033,333,200 ?
Andorra Europe 7182271,822 ?
Angola Africa 1594100015,941,000 ?
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America 8278682,786 ?
Argentina Latin America 4030192740,301,927 no policy
Armenia Asia 32299003,229,900 ?
Australia Oceania 2126000021,260,000 commercial prohibited
Austria Europe 83164908,316,490 PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan Asia 86530008,653,000 ?
Bahamas Latin America 330549330,549 ?
Bahrain Asia 10468101,046,810 ?
Bangladesh Asia 150448000150,448,000 ?
Barbados Latin America 279000279,000 ?
Belarus Europe 96898009,689,800 ?
Belgium Europe 1058450010,584,500 commercial prohibited
Belize Latin America 314275314,275 ?
Benin Africa 84390008,439,000 ?
Bhutan Asia 672425672,425 ?
Bolivia Latin America 91191509,119,150 ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 39812403,981,240 ?
Botswana Africa 16398301,639,830 ?
Brazil Latin America 186758000186,758,000 no policy
Brunei Asia 391450391,450 ?
Bulgaria Europe 79330007,933,000 ?
Burkina Faso Africa 1322800013,228,000 ?
Burundi Africa 75480007,548,000 ?
Cambodia Asia 1397100013,971,000 ?
Cameroon Africa 1779500017,795,000 ?
Canada Northern America 3325500033,255,000 commercial prohibited
Cape Verde Africa 499796499,796 ?
Central African Republic Africa 42166704,216,670 ?
Chad Africa 1078060010,780,600 ?
Chile Latin America 1659810016,598,100 no policy
China Asia 13218518881.321852e+9 commercial prohibited
Colombia Latin America 4408700044,087,000 no policy
Comoros Africa 798000798,000 ?
Cook Islands Oceania 1870018,700 ?
Costa Rica Latin America 41338844,133,884 ?
Croatia Europe 44535004,453,500 no policy
Cuba Latin America 1139400011,394,000 ?
Cyprus Asia 788457788,457 ?
Czech Republic Europe 1038110010,381,100 commercial prohibited
Côte d'Ivoire Africa 1801340018,013,400 ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 6.26E+762,600,000 ?
Denmark Europe 54757905,475,790 commercial allowed
Djibouti Africa 496374496,374 ?
Dominica Latin America 7172771,727 ?
Dominican Republic Latin America 97600009,760,000 ?
Ecuador Latin America 1375570013,755,700 no policy
Egypt Africa 8033500080,335,000 no policy
El Salvador Latin America 6.6E+66,600,000 ?
Equatorial Guinea Africa 504000504,000 ?
Eritrea Africa 44010104,401,010 ?
Estonia Europe 13406001,340,600 commercial prohibited
Ethiopia Africa 7506700075,067,000 ?
Fiji Oceania 853445853,445 ?
Finland Europe 53082105,308,210 commercial prohibited
France Europe 6447310064,473,100 commercial allowed
Gabon Africa 14548701,454,870 ?
Gambia Africa 1.7E+61,700,000 ?
Georgia Asia 46614704,661,470 ?
Germany Europe 8221000082,210,000 PROHIBITED
Ghana Africa 2.3E+723,000,000 ?
Greece Europe 1121670011,216,700 commercial prohibited
Grenada Latin America 110000110,000 ?
Guatemala Latin America 1.3E+713,000,000 ?
Guinea Africa 94020009,402,000 ?
Guinea-Bissau Africa 15860001,586,000 ?
Guyana Latin America 751000751,000 ?
Haiti Latin America 87065008,706,500 ?
Honduras Latin America 74837607,483,760 ?
Hungary Europe 1005300010,053,000 commercial allowed
Iceland Europe 316252316,252 ?
India Asia 11324460001.132446e+9 no policy
Indonesia Asia 234694000234,694,000 ?
Iran Asia 7120800071,208,000 ?
Iraq Asia 2926700029,267,000 ?
Ireland Europe 60000006,000,000 ?
Israel Asia 72820007,282,000 commercial prohibited
Italy Europe 5944820059,448,200 PROHIBITED
Jamaica Latin America 26510002,651,000 ?
Japan Asia 127433494127,433,494 PROHIBITED
Jordan Asia 60531906,053,190 no policy
Kazakhstan Asia 1521770015,217,700 ?
Kenya Africa 3470780034,707,800 ?
Kuwait Asia 23905402,390,540 ?
Kyrgyzstan Asia 52640005,264,000 ?
Laos Asia 65220006,522,000 ?
Latvia Europe 22707002,270,700 permitted
Lebanon Asia 41964504,196,450 ?
Lesotho Africa 17950001,795,000 ?
Liberia Africa 33860003,386,000 ?
Libya Africa 61735806,173,580 ?
Liechtenstein Europe 3536535,365 ?
Lithuania Europe 33696003,369,600 ?
Luxembourg Europe 480222480,222 ?
Macedonia Europe 20385102,038,510 ?
Madagascar Africa 1944880019,448,800 ?
Malawi Africa 1288400012,884,000 ?
Malaysia Asia 2749600027,496,000 no policy
Maldives Asia 300000300,000 ?
Mali Africa 1199540011,995,400 ?
Malta Europe 402000402,000 ?
Marshall Islands Oceania 6196361,963 ?
Mauritania Africa 30690003,069,000 ?
Mauritius Africa 12567401,256,740 ?
Mexico Latin America 108700891108,700,891 no policy
Micronesia Oceania 107862107,862 ?
Moldova Europe 41280504,128,050 ?
Monaco Europe 3267132,671 ?
Mongolia Asia 29517902,951,790 ?
Montenegro Europe 684736684,736 ?
Morocco Africa 3375720033,757,200 no policy
Mozambique Africa 2139700021,397,000 ?
Myanmar Asia 5539000055,390,000 ?
Namibia Africa 18209201,820,920 ?
Nauru Oceania 92759,275 ?
Nepal Asia 2890180028,901,800 ?
Netherlands Europe 1640860016,408,600 commercial prohibited
New Zealand Oceania 42520004,252,000 commercial prohibited
Nicaragua Latin America 56030005,603,000 ?
Niger Africa 1395700013,957,000 ?
Nigeria Africa 1.48E+8148,000,000 ?
North Korea Asia 2330170023,301,700 ?
Norway Europe 47527404,752,740 PROHIBITED
Oman Asia 32049003,204,900 ?
Pakistan Asia 1.693E+8169,300,000 ?
Palau Oceania 2084220,842 ?
Panama Latin America 33200003,320,000 ?
Papua New Guinea Oceania 6.3E+66,300,000 ?
Paraguay Latin America 61580006,158,000 ?
Peru Latin America 2867480028,674,800 no policy
Philippines Asia 9.05E+790,500,000 no policy
Poland Europe 3851820038,518,200 ?
Portugal Europe 1084870010,848,700 no policy
Qatar Asia 907229907,229 ?
Republic of the Congo Africa 39990003,999,000 ?
Romania Europe 2224690022,246,900 no policy
Russia Europe 142008838142,008,838 commercial allowed
Rwanda Africa 1018610010,186,100 ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America 4269642,696 ?
Saint Lucia Latin America 160765160,765 ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America 110000110,000 ?
Samoa Oceania 214265214,265 ?
San Marino Europe 2961529,615 ?
Sao Tome and Principe Africa 157000157,000 ?
Saudi Arabia Asia 2760100027,601,000 ?
Senegal Africa 1165800011,658,000 ?
Serbia Europe 1015030010,150,300 ?
Seychelles Africa 8069980,699 ?
Sierra Leone Africa 5.9E+65,900,000 ?
Singapore Asia 46806004,680,600 commercial prohibited
Slovakia Europe 54475025,447,502 ?
Slovenia Europe 20233602,023,360 commercial prohibited
Solomon Islands Oceania 552438552,438 ?
Somalia Africa 95586709,558,670 ?
South Africa Africa 4370000043,700,000 no policy
South Korea Asia 4904479049,044,790 commercial prohibited
Spain Europe 4520070045,200,700 commercial allowed
Sri Lanka Asia 1966800019,668,000 ?
Sudan Africa 3937940039,379,400 ?
Suriname Latin America 470784470,784 ?
Swaziland Africa 10320001,032,000 ?
Sweden Europe 91829309,182,930 permitted
Switzerland Europe 75914007,591,400 PROHIBITED
Syrian Arab Republic Asia 1940500019,405,000 ?
Taiwan Asia 2291100022,911,000 commercial allowed
Tajikistan Asia 69203006,920,300 ?
Tanzania Africa 3784910037,849,100 ?
Thailand Asia 6303820063,038,200 no policy
Timor-Leste Asia 11150001,115,000 ?
Togo Africa 5.7E+65,700,000 ?
Tonga Oceania 112000112,000 ?
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America 13050001,305,000 ?
Tunisia Africa 1010200010,102,000 PROHIBITED
Turkey Asia 7058625670,586,256 PROHIBITED
Turkmenistan Asia 51100205,110,020 ?
Tuvalu Oceania 1199211,992 ?
Uganda Africa 3.09E+730,900,000 ?
Ukraine Europe 4637270046,372,700 ?
United Arab Emirates Asia 4637270046,372,700 ?
United Kingdom Europe 6058730060,587,300 commercial prohibited
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Europe 6058730060,587,300 commercial allowed
United States
United States of America Northern America 304072000304,072,000 no policy
Uruguay Latin America 34606103,460,610 no policy
Uzbekistan Asia 2659300026,593,000 ?
Vanuatu Oceania 209000209,000 ?
Venezuela Latin America 2819980028,199,800 no policy
Vietnam Asia 8737500087,375,000 commercial prohibited
Yemen Africa 2301340023,013,400 ?
Zambia Africa 1166800011,668,000 ?
Zimbabwe Africa 1301000013,010,000 ?
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