Eggs for assisted reproduction

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The first “test-tube baby” was born in England in 1978, and since that time this and other assisted reproductive techniques have become widespread throughout the world. Some countries prohibit all or most assisted reproduction practices, notably those that involve the creation and destruction of human embryos. Other countries permit and regulate these practices, but prohibit payment for women’s eggs used in the procedure beyond reimbursement for specified reasonable costs. At the present time no countries explicitly sanction the commercial sale of eggs for assisted reproduction, although in some countries the lack of regulatory oversight has allowed this practice to flourish.


Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding the use of women’s eggs for assisted reproduction purposes.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • commercial prohibited: Commercial use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law, but non-commercial use is allowed.
  • commercial allowed: Commercial use of this practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but policies concerning compensation are unknown.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


  Region Population Eggs for assisted reproduction
Afghanistan Asia 31,889,923 ?
Albania Europe 3,600,523 ?
Algeria Africa 38,481,705 PROHIBITED
Andorra Europe 71,822 ?
Angola Africa 15,941,000 ?
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America 82,786 ?
Argentina Latin America 40,301,927 permitted
Armenia Asia 3,229,900 permitted
Australia Oceania 21,260,000 commercial prohibited
Austria Europe 8,316,487 PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan Asia 8,653,000 ?
Bahamas Latin America 330,549 ?
Bahrain Asia 1,046,814 ?
Bangladesh Asia 150,448,340 ?
Barbados Latin America 279,000 ?
Belarus Europe 9,689,800 ?
Belgium Europe 10,584,534 commercial prohibited
Belize Latin America 314,275 ?
Benin Africa 8,439,000 ?
Bhutan Asia 672,425 ?
Bolivia Latin America 9,119,152 ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 3,981,239 ?
Botswana Africa 1,639,833 ?
Brazil Latin America 186,757,608 no policy
Brunei Asia 391,450 ?
Bulgaria Europe 7,933,000 commercial prohibited
Burkina Faso Africa 13,228,000 ?
Burundi Africa 7,548,000 ?
Cambodia Asia 13,971,000 ?
Cameroon Africa 17,795,000 ?
Canada Northern America 33,255,000 commercial prohibited
Cape Verde Africa 499,796 ?
Central African Republic Africa 4,216,666 ?
Chad Africa 10,780,600 ?
Chile Latin America 16,598,074 no policy
China Asia 1,321,851,888 commercial prohibited
Colombia Latin America 44,087,000 no policy
Comoros Africa 798,000 ?
Cook Islands Oceania 18,700 ?
Costa Rica Latin America 4,133,884 ?
Croatia Europe 4,453,500 permitted
Cuba Latin America 11,394,043 permitted
Cyprus Asia 788,457 ?
Czech Republic Europe 10,381,130 commercial prohibited
Côte d'Ivoire Africa 18,013,409 ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 62,600,000 ?
Denmark Europe 5,475,791 commercial allowed
Djibouti Africa 496,374 ?
Dominica Latin America 71,727 ?
Dominican Republic Latin America 9,760,000 ?
Ecuador Latin America 13,755,680 no policy
Egypt Africa 80,335,036 no policy
El Salvador Latin America 6,600,000 ?
Equatorial Guinea Africa 504,000 ?
Eritrea Africa 4,401,009 ?
Estonia Europe 1,340,602 commercial prohibited
Ethiopia Africa 75,067,000 ?
Fiji Oceania 853,445 ?
Finland Europe 5,308,208 commercial prohibited
France Europe 64,473,140 commercial allowed
Gabon Africa 1,454,867 ?
Gambia Africa 1,700,000 ?
Georgia Asia 4,661,473 ?
Germany Europe 82,210,000 PROHIBITED
Ghana Africa 23,000,000 ?
Greece Europe 11,216,708 commercial prohibited
Grenada Latin America 110,000 ?
Guatemala Latin America 13,000,000 ?
Guinea Africa 9,402,000 ?
Guinea-Bissau Africa 1,586,000 ?
Guyana Latin America 751,000 ?
Haiti Latin America 8,706,497 ?
Honduras Latin America 7,483,763 ?
Hungary Europe 10,053,000 commercial allowed
Iceland Europe 316,252 ?
India Asia 1,132,446,000 no policy
Indonesia Asia 234,693,997 ?
Iran Asia 71,208,000 ?
Iraq Asia 29,267,000 ?
Ireland Europe 6,000,000 ?
Israel Asia 7,282,000 commercial prohibited
Italy Europe 59,448,163 PROHIBITED
Jamaica Latin America 2,651,000 ?
Japan Asia 127,433,494 PROHIBITED
Jordan Asia 6,053,193 no policy
Kazakhstan Asia 15,217,711 ?
Kenya Africa 34,707,800 ?
Kuwait Asia 2,390,543 ?
Kyrgyzstan Asia 5,264,000 ?
Laos Asia 6,521,998 ?
Latvia Europe 2,270,700 permitted
Lebanon Asia 4,196,453 ?
Lesotho Africa 1,795,000 ?
Liberia Africa 3,386,000 ?
Libya Africa 6,173,579 ?
Liechtenstein Europe 35,365 ?
Lithuania Europe 3,369,600 ?
Luxembourg Europe 480,222 ?
Macedonia Europe 2,038,514 ?
Madagascar Africa 19,448,815 ?
Malawi Africa 12,884,000 ?
Malaysia Asia 27,496,000 no policy
Maldives Asia 300,000 ?
Mali Africa 11,995,402 ?
Malta Europe 402,000 ?
Marshall Islands Oceania 61,963 ?
Mauritania Africa 3,069,000 ?
Mauritius Africa 1,256,739 ?
Mexico Latin America 108,700,891 no policy
Micronesia Oceania 107,862 ?
Moldova Europe 4,128,047 ?
Monaco Europe 32,671 ?
Mongolia Asia 2,951,786 ?
Montenegro Europe 684,736 ?
Morocco Africa 33,757,175 no policy
Mozambique Africa 21,397,000 ?
Myanmar Asia 55,390,000 ?
Namibia Africa 1,820,916 ?
Nauru Oceania 9,275 ?
Nepal Asia 28,901,790 ?
Netherlands Europe 16,408,557 commercial prohibited
New Zealand Oceania 4,252,000 commercial prohibited
Nicaragua Latin America 5,603,000 ?
Niger Africa 13,957,000 ?
Nigeria Africa 148,000,000 ?
North Korea Asia 23,301,725 ?
Norway Europe 4,752,735 PROHIBITED
Oman Asia 3,204,897 ?
Pakistan Asia 169,300,000 ?
Palau Oceania 20,842 ?
Panama Latin America 3,320,000 ?
Papua New Guinea Oceania 6,300,000 ?
Paraguay Latin America 6,158,000 ?
Peru Latin America 28,674,757 no policy
Philippines Asia 90,500,000 no policy
Poland Europe 38,518,241 ?
Portugal Europe 10,848,692 no policy
Qatar Asia 907,229 ?
Republic of the Congo Africa 3,999,000 ?
Romania Europe 22,246,862 no policy
Russia Europe 142,008,838 commercial allowed
Rwanda Africa 10,186,063 ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America 42,696 ?
Saint Lucia Latin America 160,765 ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America 110,000 ?
Samoa Oceania 214,265 ?
San Marino Europe 29,615 ?
Sao Tome and Principe Africa 157,000 ?
Saudi Arabia Asia 27,601,038 ?
Senegal Africa 11,658,000 ?
Serbia Europe 10,150,265 ?
Seychelles Africa 80,699 ?
Sierra Leone Africa 5,900,000 ?
Singapore Asia 4,680,600 commercial prohibited
Slovakia Europe 5,447,502 ?
Slovenia Europe 2,023,358 commercial prohibited
Solomon Islands Oceania 552,438 ?
Somalia Africa 9,558,666 ?
South Africa Africa 43,700,000 no policy
South Korea Asia 49,044,790 commercial prohibited
Spain Europe 45,200,737 commercial allowed
Sri Lanka Asia 19,668,000 ?
Sudan Africa 39,379,358 ?
Suriname Latin America 470,784 ?
Swaziland Africa 1,032,000 ?
Sweden Europe 9,182,927 permitted
Switzerland Europe 7,591,400 PROHIBITED
Syrian Arab Republic Asia 19,405,000 ?
Taiwan Asia 22,911,000 commercial allowed
Tajikistan Asia 6,920,300 ?
Tanzania Africa 37,849,133 ?
Thailand Asia 63,038,247 no policy
Timor-Leste Asia 1,115,000 ?
Togo Africa 5,700,000 ?
Tonga Oceania 112,000 ?
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America 1,305,000 ?
Tunisia Africa 10,102,000 PROHIBITED
Turkey Asia 70,586,256 PROHIBITED
Turkmenistan Asia 5,110,023 ?
Tuvalu Oceania 11,992 ?
Uganda Africa 30,900,000 ?
Ukraine Europe 46,372,700 ?
United Arab Emirates Asia 46,372,700 ?
United Kingdom Europe 60,587,300 commercial prohibited
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Europe 60,587,300 commercial allowed
United States
United States of America Northern America 304,072,000 no policy
Uruguay Latin America 3,460,607 no policy
Uzbekistan Asia 26,593,000 ?
Vanuatu Oceania 209,000 ?
Venezuela Latin America 28,199,822 no policy
Vietnam Asia 87,375,000 commercial prohibited
Yemen Africa 23,013,376 ?
Zambia Africa 11,668,000 ?
Zimbabwe Africa 13,010,000 ?