Finland

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Finland
Finland-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 5308208
GDP (millions USD) 245,013
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research commercial prohibited
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning regulated
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon signed


Contents

Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

The Act on Assisted Fertility Treatments (1237/2006) bans the production of embryos for research purposes (Section 13) and prohibits “research on embryos and gametes for the purpose of developing procedures for modifying hereditary properties…unless the research is for the purpose of curing or preventing a serious hereditary disease” (Section 15).

Section 26 imposes penalties on anyone who "conducts research with the aim of:

  1. Cloning human beings
  2. Creating a human being by combining embryos
  3. Creating a human being by combining human gametes and genes from animals"

However, the act defines embryo as a fusion of gametes, so therapeutic cloning is permitted, but reproductive cloning is prohibited.

The prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is implicit. Note: The Medical Research Act bans research "for the purpose of developing procedures for modifying hereditary properties…unless the research is for the purpose of curing or preventing a serious hereditary disease."

Surrogacy is generally prohibited under the 2006 Act on Assisted Fertility Treatments.

Permitted and regulated practices

The Act on Assisted Fertility Treatments (1237/2006) (which came into effect on 1 September 2007) applies to the provision of assisted fertility treatment in which a human gamete or an embryo is placed in a woman for the purpose of creating a pregnancy.

The Act also applies to the donation and storage of gametes and embryos for use in assisted fertility treatment.

  • PGD: Section 5 provides that “the health of the child to be born may be influenced by selecting gametes or embryos that have been verified to be free of serious disease. Determination of the child’s sex maybe influenced if the gametes used in the assisted fertility treatment are the couple’s own and the child born from these gametes would be at substantial risk of serious disease if the child were to be of the other sex.”
  • Embryo Donation: Section 20 provides that “a couple may donate extra embryos created for use in their own assisted fertility treatment for use in the assisted fertility treatment of another. The consent of both the woman and the man is required for donation, and both shall be considered donors.”
  • Laboratories that perform embryo research need a license from the National Authority for Medicolegal Affairs and a written consent from both gamete donors is required.
  • Payment for gametes or embryos is banned, although reasonable expenses and loss of income may be reimbursed.


External links

See English translation of Act on Assisted Fertility Treatments (1237/2006): http://www.finlex.fi/en/laki/kaannokset/2006/20061237.

[edit] References