Key laws and policies
- Law on Health Protection (1997)
- Law on the Rights of Patients (2000)
Human cloning, including research cloning, is prohibited by the Law on Health Care.
Georgia's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on:
- PGD for social uses
- Research cloning
- Somatic genetic enhancement
- Inheritable genetic modification
- Reproductive cloning
Permitted and regulated practices
Fertilized human oocytes and cells may be used only for medically assisted procreation. Law of Georgia “On Health Protection”:
Article 143. Extracorporeal fertilization (IVF) is permitted:
- For the purpose of treatment of infertility, as well as in case of risk of transmission of genetic disease on a wife’s or a husband’s part, by using sex cells or an embryo of the couple or a donor, if the couple’s written consent has been obtained.
- If a woman has no uterus, for the purpose of transfer and growth of the embryo obtained as a result of fertilization to the uterus of another woman (“surrogate mother”). The couple’s written consent is obligatory.
The couple is considered to be parents of the child when it is born, with the ensuing responsibilities and authority. A donor or a “surrogate mother” has no right to be recognized as a parent of the born child.
- Commercial surrogacy occurs.
- It can be accessed only by heterosexual couples.
- The couple and not the surrogate mother will be registered as parents of the child. (This includes when donor embryos, eggs, or spermatozoon are not those of the infertile couple.)
It was reported in 2006 by a clinician in relation to her surrogacy practice that "most of the women offering their services to us are desperate. They have children and the family has no money." (See http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/civilsociety/articles/eav032906.shtml.)
- Kirstin Matthews, "World Cloning Policies," (accessed on July 2, 2008).