Key laws and policies
- Federal Embryo Protection Law (Gesetz zum Schutz von Embryonen) (December 13, 1990)
- Adoption Brokerage Law 2006 
- Guideline of the German Federal Medical Chamber 2006 
The Federal Embryo Protection Law of 1990 prohibits:
- Inheritable genetic modification
- Creating a clonal embryo for any purpose
- Transferring a clonal embryo into a woman's uterus
- Sex selection via PGD, even if the intention is to prevent disease.
Violations or attempts are punishable by up to five years' imprisonment or by a fine.
The law's definition of an embryo to be protected specifically includes "each totipotent cell removed from an embryo that is capable, in the presence of other necessary conditions, of dividing and developing into an individual." 
It is unclear whether preimplantation genetic diagnosis is prohibited by the Embryo Law. However, the practice does not occur in Germany. It is also unclear whether embryo donation is permitted; again, this does not occur in Germany. Surrogacy is prohibited by a combination of the Embryo Protection and Adoption Brokerage Laws.
Providing eggs for assisted reproduction is prohibited by law.
The German Federal Medical Chamber stipulates that lesbian and single women should not have access to ART, however, there is no legislation prohibiting this.
Permitted and regulated practices
Sex selection by selecting sperm is permitted only to prevent a few special, very serious gender-related genetic diseases (e.g. muscular dystrophy). This applies whether sperm are used for IVF or artificial insemination.
- Ministry of Health (in English)
- German National Ethics Council, "Cloning for Reproductive Purposes and Cloning for the Purposes of Biomedical Research" (2004)
- BioNet, "What Is Legal?," accessed on June 12, 2008
- Translation by the Genetics and Public Policy Center, accessed on June 12, 2008
- Genetics and Public Policy Center, "Reproductive Genetic Testing (Germany)"
- German National Ethics Council, "[http://www.ethikrat.org/_english/main_topics/pndpgd.html Genetic diagnosis before and during pregnancy (PND and PGD)]" (2004)
- Victoria Keppler and Michael Bokelmann, "Surrogate motherhood – The legal situation in Germany," The American Surrogacy Center (2000)
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)