Israel

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Israel
Israel-flag.jpg
Information
Region Asia
Population 7,282,000
GDP (millions USD) 161,935
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research commercial prohibited
Inheritable genetic modification no policy
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning permitted
Sex selection "social uses prohibited" is not in the list of possible values (?, PROHIBITED, regulated, Social uses prohibited, no policy) for this property.
Surrogacy commercial prohibited
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Surrogacy Agreements Law No. 5756 (1996)[1]

Prohibited practices

The bans on reproductive cloning and inheritable genetic modification in Prohibition of Genetic Intervention expired on March 1, 2009. The reproductive cloning portion was extended until May 2016.[2]

Permitted and regulated practices

Research cloning is permitted, under guidelines.[3]

Sex selection and PGD are limited to medical purposes through guidelines established by the National Bioethics Council of Israel. Social sex selection may be authorized when "there is a real danger of substantial harm to the mental health of the parents or parent, or of the child destined to be born, if the desired procedure is not performed." Israeli parents who have at least four children of the same sex and want one of the other sex can now apply to a health ministry committee for approval of preimplantation genetic diagnosis at their own expense.[4]

Surrogacy is tightly regulated. Cases must be approved on an individual basis, and commercial surrogacy is prohibited. However, reimbursement for costs (including lost income) are permitted.[5]

Egg donation is limited to women already undergoing assisted reproduction procedures, and personal compensation is prohibited, though there are reports of clinics providing services in trade.[6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bartha M. Knoppers and Rosario M. Isasi, "Regulatory approaches to reproductive genetic testing," Human Reproduction (Vol. 19 No. 12, 2004)
  2. Judy Siegel-Itzkovich, "Anti-cloning law renewed for 7 years," The Jerusalem Post (October 13th, 2009)
  3. Human Fertility and Embryology Authority (UK), "Hybrids and Chimeras: Findings of the Consultation, Annex C – International Perspective" (September 5, 2007)
  4. Western Australia Reproductive Technology Council, "Annual Report 2004-2005"
  5. Abraham Benshushan and Joseph G.Schenker, "Legitimizing surrogacy in Israel," Human Reproduction (Vol. 12 No. 8, August 1997)
  6. D. Rabinerson et al., "Subsidised oocyte donation in Israel (1998–2000): results, costs and lessons," Human Reproduction (Vol. 17 No. 5 May 2002)