Key laws and policies
- Prohibition of Genetic Intervention (Human Cloning and Genetic Manipulation of Reproductive Cells) Law 5759-1999 (renewed 2004)
- National Health Regulations on IVF, 1987
- Surrogacy Agreements Law No. 5756 (1996)
The bans on reproductive cloning and inheritable genetic modification in Prohibition of Genetic Intervention expired on March 1, 2009. The reproductive cloning portion was extended until May 2016.
Permitted and regulated practices
Research cloning is permitted, under guidelines.
Sex selection and PGD are limited to medical purposes through guidelines established by the National Bioethics Council of Israel. Social sex selection may be authorized when "there is a real danger of substantial harm to the mental health of the parents or parent, or of the child destined to be born, if the desired procedure is not performed." Israeli parents who have at least four children of the same sex and want one of the other sex can now apply to a health ministry committee for approval of preimplantation genetic diagnosis at their own expense.
Surrogacy is tightly regulated. Cases must be approved on an individual basis, and commercial surrogacy is prohibited. However, reimbursement for costs (including lost income) are permitted.
Egg donation is limited to women already undergoing assisted reproduction procedures, and personal compensation is prohibited, though there are reports of clinics providing services in trade.
- Bartha M. Knoppers and Rosario M. Isasi, "Regulatory approaches to reproductive genetic testing," Human Reproduction (Vol. 19 No. 12, 2004)
- Judy Siegel-Itzkovich, "Anti-cloning law renewed for 7 years," The Jerusalem Post (October 13th, 2009)
- Human Fertility and Embryology Authority (UK), "Hybrids and Chimeras: Findings of the Consultation, Annex C – International Perspective" (September 5, 2007)
- Western Australia Reproductive Technology Council, "Annual Report 2004-2005"
- Abraham Benshushan and Joseph G.Schenker, "Legitimizing surrogacy in Israel," Human Reproduction (Vol. 12 No. 8, August 1997)
- D. Rabinerson et al., "Subsidised oocyte donation in Israel (1998–2000): results, costs and lessons," Human Reproduction (Vol. 17 No. 5 May 2002)