Difference between revisions of "Lithuania"

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|Key laws and policies=* [http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_e?p_id=148740 Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research] No. VIII-1679 (May 11, 2000)
 
|Key laws and policies=* [http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_e?p_id=148740 Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research] No. VIII-1679 (May 11, 2000)
  
* Law on Donation and Transplantation of Human Tissues, Cells and Organs (no. I-1626), 1996, http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=314396.
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* Law on Donation and Transplantation of Human Tissues, Cells and Organs (no. I-1626), 1996, http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=314396
  
* Order No 248 of 24 May 1999 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania.
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* Order No 248 of 24 May 1999 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania
|Foundational values=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby  the interests of the human being  prevail over the interests of society and science."
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|Foundational values=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby  the interests of the human being  prevail over the interests of society and science."
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits  
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|Prohibited practices=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits:
  
 
* Human cloning
 
* Human cloning
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EGG, SPERM and EMBRYO DONATION
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'''Egg, Sperm, and Embryo Donation'''
  
 
Donation of gametes and embryos is not permitted (and if used, the donor of the gametes would be considered the legal parent).
 
Donation of gametes and embryos is not permitted (and if used, the donor of the gametes would be considered the legal parent).
  
  
COMMERCIAL SURROGACY
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'''Commercial Surrogacy'''
  
 
The Civil Code of Lithuania prohibits commercial arrangements related to the human body and recognizes an individual as a legal entity rather an object of arrangements.
 
The Civil Code of Lithuania prohibits commercial arrangements related to the human body and recognizes an individual as a legal entity rather an object of arrangements.
|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
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|Permitted and regulated practices='''Assisted Reproduction'''
  
* available only for married couples and they must use their own gametes;
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* Available only for married couples who must use their own gametes
* both must consent, both must have 'full civil active capacity';
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* Both must consent and both must have "full civil active capacity"
* a woman must be an adult under the age of 45 years;
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* A woman must be an adult under the age of 45 years
* both spouses must undergo a medical examination proving that pregnancy and childbirth will not pose any threat to the life and health of the woman and an unborn child;
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* Both spouses must undergo a medical examination proving that pregnancy and childbirth will not pose any threat to the life and health of the woman and an unborn child.
  
Procedures available: IUI, GIFT, IVF, ICSI, ZIFT.
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Procedures available: IUI, GIFT, IVF, ICSI, ZIFT
  
Private surrogacy arrangements (non-commercial) may occur, but would be very limited. A Court would have to hear reasons, and the issue would be closed. There are no available judgments on the issue.
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Private surrogacy arrangements (non-commercial) may occur, but would be very limited. A court would have to hear reasons, and the issue would be closed. There are no available judgments on the issue.
|Regulatory activities=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the [http://www.sam.lt/bioetika/ Lithuanian Bioethics Committee] or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."
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|Regulatory activities=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the [http://www.sam.lt/bioetika/ Lithuanian Bioethics Committee] or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|Accountability and governance=
|History=In Lithuania, there have been draft laws on assisted reproduction, (in 2002 and  subsequently in 2003, 2004 and 2010). However, no agreement has been reached on the legal further regulation of ART or surrogacy.
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|History=In Lithuania, there have been draft laws on assisted reproduction, (in 2002 and  subsequently in 2003, 2004, and 2010). However, no agreement has been reached on the legal further regulation of ART or surrogacy.
|External links=* Eugenijus Gefenas and Asta Cekanauskaite, ''[http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/pdf/lt_eng_lr.pdf National Regulations on Ethics and Research in Lithuania],'' European Commission, Brussels (2003)
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|External links=* Eugenijus Gefenas and Asta Cekanauskaite, ''[http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/pdf/lt_eng_lr.pdf National Regulations on Ethics and Research in Lithuania],'' European Commission, Brussels (2003).
  
 
* http://www.hcch.net/upload/wop/gap2014pd3_lt.pdf
 
* http://www.hcch.net/upload/wop/gap2014pd3_lt.pdf
  
* Francesco Paolo Busardò, et al. 'The Evolution of Legislation in the Field of Medically Assisted Reproduction and Embryo Stem Cell Research in European Union Members' BioMed Research International, Volume 2014 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/307160; http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/307160/ accessed 22 February 2015.
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* Francesco Paolo Busardò, et al. "The Evolution of Legislation in the Field of Medically Assisted Reproduction and Embryo Stem Cell Research in European Union Members." BioMed Research International, Volume 2014 (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/307160; http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/307160/, (accessed 22 February 2015).
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 11:40, 14 July 2015

Lithuania
Lithuania-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 3369600
GDP (millions USD) 38,345
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy commercial prohibited
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Order No 248 of 24 May 1999 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania

Foundational values

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby the interests of the human being prevail over the interests of society and science."

Prohibited practices

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits:

  • Human cloning
  • "Invasive" research on human embryos

In addition, Lithuania's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine commits it to prohibitions on:

  • PGD for social uses
  • Research cloning
  • Somatic genetic enhancement
  • Inheritable genetic modification


Egg, Sperm, and Embryo Donation

Donation of gametes and embryos is not permitted (and if used, the donor of the gametes would be considered the legal parent).


Commercial Surrogacy

The Civil Code of Lithuania prohibits commercial arrangements related to the human body and recognizes an individual as a legal entity rather an object of arrangements.

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • Available only for married couples who must use their own gametes
  • Both must consent and both must have "full civil active capacity"
  • A woman must be an adult under the age of 45 years
  • Both spouses must undergo a medical examination proving that pregnancy and childbirth will not pose any threat to the life and health of the woman and an unborn child.

Procedures available: IUI, GIFT, IVF, ICSI, ZIFT

Private surrogacy arrangements (non-commercial) may occur, but would be very limited. A court would have to hear reasons, and the issue would be closed. There are no available judgments on the issue.

Regulatory activities

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the Lithuanian Bioethics Committee or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."

History

In Lithuania, there have been draft laws on assisted reproduction, (in 2002 and subsequently in 2003, 2004, and 2010). However, no agreement has been reached on the legal further regulation of ART or surrogacy.

External links