Lithuania

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Lithuania
Lithuania-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 3369600
GDP (millions USD) 38,345
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction ?
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Order No 248 of 24 May 1999 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania.

Foundational values

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby the interests of the human being prevail over the interests of society and science."

Prohibited practices

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits

  • Human cloning
  • "Invasive" research on human embryos

In addition, Lithuania's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine commits it to prohibitions on:

  • PGD for social uses
  • Research cloning
  • Somatic genetic enhancement
  • Inheritable genetic modification


EGG, SPERM and EMBRYO DONATION

Donation of gametes and embryos is not permitted (and if used, the donor of the gametes would be considered the legal parent).


COMMERCIAL SURROGACY

The Civil Code of Lithuania prohibits commercial arrangements related to the human body and recognizes an individual as a legal entity rather an object of arrangements.

Permitted and regulated practices

ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

  • available only for married couples and they must use their own gametes;
  • both must consent, both must have 'full civil active capacity';
  • a woman must be an adult under the age of 45 years;
  • both spouses must undergo a medical examination proving that pregnancy and childbirth will not pose any threat to the life and health of the woman and an unborn child;

Procedures available: IUI, GIFT, IVF, ICSI, ZIFT.

Private surrogacy arrangements (non-commercial) may occur, but would be very limited. A Court would have to hear reasons, and the issue would be closed. There are no available judgments on the issue.

Regulatory activities

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the Lithuanian Bioethics Committee or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."

History

In Lithuania, there have been draft laws on assisted reproduction, (in 2002 and subsequently in 2003, 2004 and 2010). However, no agreement has been reached on the legal further regulation of ART or surrogacy.

External links