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Region Europe
Population 402,000
GDP (millions USD) 7,419
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction ?
Eggs for research PROHIBITED
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ?
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention not signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention not signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Key laws and policies

Embryo Protection Act ACT XXI of 2012 (in operation since 1 January 2013). Available at, (accessed 22 February 2015).

Prohibited practices

It is prohibited to:

  • Transfer of all embryos produced into a woman within one treatment cycle
  • Remove an embryo from a woman before the completion of implantation in the womb in order to transfer the embryo to another woman
  • Select or discard an embryo for eugenic purposes
  • Carry out an artificial fertilization of, or transfer a human embryo into, a woman who is prepared to give up her child permanently after birth (surrogate mother)
  • Select the sex of an embryo
  • Create germline modifications
  • Conduct embryo experimentation

Permitted and regulated practices

  • Treatment with ART of a couple who meet medical and consent criteria

External links