Difference between revisions of "Mexico"

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|Eggs for assisted reproduction=no policy
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=no policy
 
|Eggs for research=?
 
|Eggs for research=?
|Inheritable genetic modification=?
+
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
 
|Preimplantation genetic diagnosis=no policy
 
|Preimplantation genetic diagnosis=no policy
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Sex selection=?
 
|Sex selection=?
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
+
|Surrogacy=commercial prohibited
 +
|European Union=
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=Member
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=Member
 +
|Council of Europe=
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
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|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
|Key laws and policies=* General Health Law (February 7, 1984, amended June 2006)<ref name=iskngppc>Rosario M. Isasi and Bartha M. Knoppers, "[http://www.dnapolicy.org/pdf/geneticTesting.pdf National Regulatory Frameworks Regarding Human Reproductive Genetic Testing]," A Report for the Genetics and Public Policy Center (July 2006)</ref>
+
|Introduction=
* Regulation of the General Health Law on Scientific Health Research (1985)<ref name=iskngppc/>
+
|Key laws and policies=* General Health Law (February 7, 1984, amended June 2006)
|Prohibited practices=Reproductive and research cloning, inheritable genetic modification, and surrogacy are prohibited, at least implicitly.<ref name="gppc1">Genetics and Public Policy Center, "[http://www.dnapolicy.org/policy.international.php?action=detail&laws_id=29  Cloning, General Health Law (Mexico)]"</ref><ref name="gppc2">Genetics and Public Policy Center, "[http://www.dnapolicy.org/policy.international.php?action=detail&laws_id=42  Human Genetic Modification, General Health Law (Mexico)]"</ref><ref name=wm>Kathryn Wheat and Kirstin Matthews, "[http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~neal/stemcell/World.pdf World Human Cloning Policies]," Paper Presented at ''Stem Cells: Saving Lives or Crossing Lines,'' Houston, Texas (November 20-21, 2004)</ref><ref name="cook">Rachel Cook, Shelley Day Sclater, and Felicity Kaganas, ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=FOyyRd9IM74C&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=mexico+surrogacy+law+OR+policy&source=web&ots=vNCibMRGt2&sig=bD5ZlVsF7HindsRctDSH9LA1ZZQ&hl=en Surrogate Motherhood: International Perspectives]'', Hart Publishing (2003) p. 2</ref>
+
|Permitted and regulated practices=Providing eggs for reproduction is permitted under guidelines.<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
+
  
There is no law or policy regarding PGD.<ref name="gppc3">Genetics and Public Policy Center, "[http://www.dnapolicy.org/policy.international.php?action=detail&laws_id=56  Reproductive Genetic Testing, General Health Law (Mexico)]"</ref>
+
* Regulation of the General Health Law on Scientific Health Research (1985)
|History="The regulation of PGD has been subject to ample parliamentary debate, and several bills have been introduced. Most of the draft bills call for restricting use of the procedure to serious conditions and for prohibiting PGD sex selection for non-medical purposes."<ref name=iskngppc/>
+
 
 +
* Mexico is a Federal Republic, and local jurisdictions have the power to regulate on family matters. As far as the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is concerned:
 +
**There is permissive legislation in the States of Colima, Querétaro, and Tabasco.
 +
**There is the possibility of ART by interpretation of law in Michoacán, Morelos, Puebla, Sonora, and Zacatecas.  
 +
**Prohibitive legislation on ART can be found in the States of Coahuila and San Luis Potosí.
 +
**There is a lack of legislation in the other states.
 +
 
 +
Article 330 of the General Health Law explicitly prohibits two things:
 +
*To transplant gonads or gonadic tissue
 +
*To use, no matter for what end, any kind of embryonic or fetal tissue of induced abortions
 +
|Foundational values=
 +
|Prohibited practices='''Reproductive and Research Cloning'''
 +
 
 +
* Reproductive and research cloning, inheritable genetic modification, and surrogacy are prohibited, at least implicitly.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Commercial Surrogacy'''
 +
 
 +
* Commercial surrogacy is prohibited because it is seen that it may hurt the child by allowing payment to someone for being the expectant mother.  
 +
* All arrangements related to surrogacy must be without compensation.
 +
* No financial remuneration at all is permitted.
 +
|Permitted and regulated practices='''Egg Donation'''
 +
 
 +
Providing eggs for reproduction is permitted under guidelines.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis'''
 +
 
 +
There is no law or policy regarding PGD.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Altruistic Surrogacy'''
 +
 
 +
Altruistic surrogacy has been approved in limited circumstances.
 +
|Regulatory activities=
 +
|Accountability and governance=
 +
|History=The regulation of PGD has been subject to ample parliamentary debate, and several bills have been introduced. Most of the draft bills call for restricting use of the procedure to serious conditions and for prohibiting PGD sex selection for non-medical purposes.
 
|External links=* Ministry of Health ([http://portal.salud.gob.mx/ Secretaría de Salud])
 
|External links=* Ministry of Health ([http://portal.salud.gob.mx/ Secretaría de Salud])
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 11:07, 8 October 2015

Mexico
Mexico.gif
Information
Region Latin America
Population 108700891
GDP (millions USD) 893,365
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction no policy
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy commercial prohibited
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • General Health Law (February 7, 1984, amended June 2006)
  • Regulation of the General Health Law on Scientific Health Research (1985)
  • Mexico is a Federal Republic, and local jurisdictions have the power to regulate on family matters. As far as the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is concerned:
    • There is permissive legislation in the States of Colima, Querétaro, and Tabasco.
    • There is the possibility of ART by interpretation of law in Michoacán, Morelos, Puebla, Sonora, and Zacatecas.
    • Prohibitive legislation on ART can be found in the States of Coahuila and San Luis Potosí.
    • There is a lack of legislation in the other states.

Article 330 of the General Health Law explicitly prohibits two things:

  • To transplant gonads or gonadic tissue
  • To use, no matter for what end, any kind of embryonic or fetal tissue of induced abortions

Prohibited practices

Reproductive and Research Cloning

  • Reproductive and research cloning, inheritable genetic modification, and surrogacy are prohibited, at least implicitly.


Commercial Surrogacy

  • Commercial surrogacy is prohibited because it is seen that it may hurt the child by allowing payment to someone for being the expectant mother.
  • All arrangements related to surrogacy must be without compensation.
  • No financial remuneration at all is permitted.

Permitted and regulated practices

Egg Donation

Providing eggs for reproduction is permitted under guidelines.


Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis

There is no law or policy regarding PGD.


Altruistic Surrogacy

Altruistic surrogacy has been approved in limited circumstances.


History

The regulation of PGD has been subject to ample parliamentary debate, and several bills have been introduced. Most of the draft bills call for restricting use of the procedure to serious conditions and for prohibiting PGD sex selection for non-medical purposes.

External links

[edit] References