Key laws and policies
- General Health Law (February 7, 1984, amended June 2006)
- Regulation of the General Health Law on Scientific Health Research (1985)
- Mexico is a Federal Republic, and local jurisdictions have the power to regulate on family matters. As far as the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is concerned:
- There is permissive legislation in the States of Colima, Querétaro, and Tabasco.
- There is the possibility of ART by interpretation of law in Michoacán, Morelos, Puebla, Sonora, and Zacatecas.
- Prohibitive legislation on ART can be found in the States of Coahuila and San Luis Potosí.
- There is a lack of legislation in the other states.
Article 330 of the General Health Law explicitly prohibits two things:
- To transplant gonads or gonadic tissue
- To use, no matter for what end, any kind of embryonic or fetal tissue of induced abortions
Reproductive and Research Cloning
- Reproductive and research cloning, inheritable genetic modification, and surrogacy are prohibited, at least implicitly.
- Commercial surrogacy is prohibited because it is seen that it may hurt the child by allowing payment to someone for being the expectant mother.
- All arrangements related to surrogacy must be without compensation.
- No financial remuneration at all is permitted.
Permitted and regulated practices
Providing eggs for reproduction is permitted under guidelines.
Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis
There is no law or policy regarding PGD.
Altruistic surrogacy has been approved in limited circumstances.
The regulation of PGD has been subject to ample parliamentary debate, and several bills have been introduced. Most of the draft bills call for restricting use of the procedure to serious conditions and for prohibiting PGD sex selection for non-medical purposes.
- Ministry of Health (Secretaría de Salud)