Key laws and policies
- Human Cloning Prohibition (Que prohíbe toda forma de clonación humana y dicta otras disposiciones), Law No. 3 (January 15, 2004)
- Constitution (in Spanish) (1972)
- Article I of the Human Cloning Prohibition prohibits the promotion, financing, and/or donation of public or private funds for experiments, research, and developments of all forms of human cloning.
- Panama also implicitly bans research cloning through its constitutional language, which extends a right to life to conceived or unborn persons.
Permitted and regulated practices
There do not appear to be any laws specifically governing assisted reproduction.
- ART is practiced.
- Heterosexual and same-sex couples are treated.
- Surrogacy occurs; however, there are no laws governing practices or agreements.
- The Hinxton Group, "The Americas: Policy Excerpts," (accessed on July 8, 2008).