Key laws and policies
The National Council of Ethics for the Life Sciences (CNEV) stated in a 1997 Opinion (reiterated in 2006) that human cloning is ethically unacceptable due to the problems it raises concerning human dignity, the equilibrium of the species and life in society.
The 2006 Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction prohibits:
- Reproductive cloning
- Social sex selection
- The creation of embryos for research
- The creation of chimeras or hybrids
In addition, Portugal's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on somatic genetic enhancement and inheritable genetic modification.
Permitted and regulated practices
According to 2006 Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction:
- PGD may not be used in the case of multifactorial diseases where the predictive value of the genetic test is very low.
- Surrogate motherhood whether for payment or otherwise is not recognized, the woman who undergoes pregnancy being deemed, for all legal purposes, to be the mother.
- Scientific research with embryos is permitted for the purposes of prevention, diagnosis, or therapy, the improvement of MAP techniques, and the constitution of stem cell banks for transplantation or other therapeutic objectives.
- Donation of eggs, sperm and embryos is permitted "where, in the light of current scientific knowledge, it is not possible for a woman to become pregnant by any other means and where the quality of gametes can be assured."
- WHO, "International Digest of Health Legislation," accessed on July 8, 2008