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Region Europe
Population 10,848,692
GDP (millions USD) 223,303
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction no policy
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection "social uses prohibited" is not in the list of possible values (?, PROHIBITED, regulated, Social uses prohibited, no policy) for this property.
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Key laws and policies

Foundational values

The National Council of Ethics for the Life Sciences (CNEV) stated in a 1997 Opinion (reiterated in 2006) that human cloning is ethically unacceptable due to the problems it raises concerning human dignity, the equilibrium of the species and life in society.

Prohibited practices

The 2006 Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction prohibits:

  • Reproductive cloning
  • Social sex selection
  • The creation of embryos for research
  • The creation of chimeras or hybrids

In addition, Portugal's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on somatic genetic enhancement and inheritable genetic modification.

Permitted and regulated practices

According to 2006 Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction:[1]

  • PGD may not be used in the case of multifactorial diseases where the predictive value of the genetic test is very low.
  • Surrogate motherhood whether for payment or otherwise is not recognized, the woman who undergoes pregnancy being deemed, for all legal purposes, to be the mother.
  • Scientific research with embryos is permitted for the purposes of prevention, diagnosis, or therapy, the improvement of MAP techniques, and the constitution of stem cell banks for transplantation or other therapeutic objectives.
  • Donation of eggs, sperm and embryos is permitted "where, in the light of current scientific knowledge, it is not possible for a woman to become pregnant by any other means and where the quality of gametes can be assured."


  1. 1.0 1.1 WHO, "International Digest of Health Legislation," accessed on July 8, 2008