Property:1997 COE Biomedicine Convention

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The Council of Europe is an international organization of 47 member countries working to foster democracy and human rights. The Council maintains a Bioethics Division within its Legal Affairs field, guided by a Steering Committee on Bioethics.

The Council’s Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights was opened for signatures in 1997 and went into force in 1998. It explicitly prohibits inheritable genetic modification, somatic genetic modification for enhancement purposes, social sex selection, and the creation of human embryos solely for research purposes.

Human reproductive cloning was banned by an Additional Protocol on the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings. It was opened for signatures in 1998 and went into force that same year.

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[edit] Table

The Table shows the status of the 1997 Biomedicine Convention and the 1998 Additional Protocol on Human Cloning for each member state.

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Key

  • RATIFIED: This country has ratified this measure, and thus agrees to abide by its provisions.
  • signed: This country has signed this measure, indicating an intent to ratify it.
  • blank cell: This country has neither signed nor ratified this measure.


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  Region Population 1997 COE Biomedicine Convention 1998 COE Cloning Convention
Albania Europe 3,600,523
Andorra Europe 71,822
Armenia Asia 3,229,900
Austria Europe 8,316,487
Azerbaijan Asia 8,653,000
Belgium Europe 10,584,534
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 3,981,239 RATIFIED
Bulgaria Europe 7,933,000 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Croatia Europe 4,453,500 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Cyprus Asia 788,457 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Czech Republic Europe 10,381,130 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Denmark Europe 5,475,791 RATIFIED signed
Estonia Europe 1,340,602 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Finland Europe 5,308,208 signed signed
France Europe 64,473,140 signed signed
Georgia Asia 4,661,473 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Germany Europe 82,210,000
Greece Europe 11,216,708 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Hungary Europe 10,053,000 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Iceland Europe 316,252 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Ireland Europe 6,000,000
Italy Europe 59,448,163 signed signed
Latvia Europe 2,270,700 signed signed
Liechtenstein Europe 35,365
Lithuania Europe 3,369,600 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Luxembourg Europe 480,222 signed signed
Macedonia Europe 2,038,514 signed signed
Malta Europe 402,000
Moldova Europe 4,128,047 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Monaco Europe 32,671
Montenegro Europe 684,736 signed
Netherlands Europe 16,408,557 signed signed
Norway Europe 4,752,735 RATIFIED signed
Poland Europe 38,518,241 signed signed
Portugal Europe 10,848,692 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Romania Europe 22,246,862 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Russia Europe 142,008,838
San Marino Europe 29,615 RATIFIED signed
Serbia Europe 10,150,265 signed
Slovakia Europe 5,447,502 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Slovenia Europe 2,023,358 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Spain Europe 45,200,737 RATIFIED RATIFIED
Sweden Europe 9,182,927 signed signed
Switzerland Europe 7,591,400 signed signed
Turkey Asia 70,586,256 RATIFIED signed
Ukraine Europe 46,372,700 signed signed
United Kingdom Europe 60,587,300




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