Research cloning

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Research cloning involves the creation of clonal human embryos for biomedical research rather than for the creation of clonal human beings. The creation of clonal human embryos would allow the derivation of genetically specific embryonic stem cells that could be useful in drug testing and perhaps in the creation of therapeutically useful tissues. The creation of clonal embryos involves the process know as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), in which the nucleus of a (diploid) somatic cell is inserted into an egg cell from which the (haploid) nucleus has been removed. The resulting clonal embryo is induced to begin dividing with chemicals or electricity. Research cloning is controversial because it poses health risks to women who provide the necessary eggs, because the high demand for such eggs could lead to exploitation, and because the successful creation of viable clonal embryos would make reproductive cloning more feasible. Some countries prohibit research cloning. Others allow it but regulate the practice carefully. Still other countries have no national policies addressing research cloning but do have such policies at provincial levels. And many countries have no official policies at all.

Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding research cloning.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • regulated: This practice is allowed and regulated by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but is not regulated.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


Country Region Research cloning
Afghanistan Asia ?
Albania Europe ?
Algeria Africa ?
Andorra Europe ?
Angola Africa ?
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America ?
Argentina Latin America PROHIBITED
Armenia Asia ?
Australia Oceania regulated
Austria Europe PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan Asia ?
Bahamas Latin America ?
Bahrain Asia ?
Bangladesh Asia ?
Barbados Latin America ?
Belarus Europe ?
Belgium Europe regulated
Belize Latin America ?
Benin Africa ?
Bhutan Asia ?
Bolivia Latin America ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe PROHIBITED
Botswana Africa ?
Brazil Latin America PROHIBITED
Brunei Asia ?
Bulgaria Europe PROHIBITED
Burkina Faso Africa ?
Burundi Africa ?
Cambodia Asia ?
Cameroon Africa ?
Canada Northern America PROHIBITED
Cape Verde Africa ?
Central African Republic Africa ?
Chad Africa ?
Chile Latin America ?
China Asia regulated
Colombia Latin America PROHIBITED
Comoros Africa ?
Cook Islands Oceania ?
Costa Rica Latin America PROHIBITED
Croatia Europe PROHIBITED
Cuba Latin America regulated
Cyprus Asia PROHIBITED
Czech Republic Europe PROHIBITED
Côte d'Ivoire Africa ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa ?
Denmark Europe PROHIBITED
Djibouti Africa ?
Dominica Latin America ?
Dominican Republic Latin America ?
Ecuador Latin America PROHIBITED
Egypt Africa no policy
El Salvador Latin America PROHIBITED
Equatorial Guinea Africa ?
Eritrea Africa ?
Estonia Europe PROHIBITED
Ethiopia Africa ?
Fiji Oceania ?
Finland Europe regulated
France Europe PROHIBITED
Gabon Africa ?
Gambia Africa ?
Georgia Asia PROHIBITED
Germany Europe PROHIBITED
Ghana Africa ?
Greece Europe PROHIBITED
Grenada Latin America ?
Guatemala Latin America ?
Guinea Africa ?
Guinea-Bissau Africa ?
Guyana Latin America ?
Haiti Latin America ?
Honduras Latin America ?
Hungary Europe PROHIBITED
Iceland Europe PROHIBITED
India Asia regulated
Indonesia Asia ?
Iran Asia PROHIBITED
Iraq Asia ?
Ireland Europe PROHIBITED
Israel Asia permitted
Italy Europe PROHIBITED
Jamaica Latin America ?
Japan Asia regulated
Jordan Asia no policy
Kazakhstan Asia ?
Kenya Africa ?
Kuwait Asia ?
Kyrgyzstan Asia ?
Laos Asia ?
Latvia Europe PROHIBITED
Lebanon Asia ?
Lesotho Africa ?
Liberia Africa ?
Libya Africa ?
Liechtenstein Europe ?
Lithuania Europe PROHIBITED
Luxembourg Europe PROHIBITED
Macedonia Europe ?
Madagascar Africa ?
Malawi Africa ?
Malaysia Asia ?
Maldives Asia ?
Mali Africa ?
Malta Europe ?
Marshall Islands Oceania ?
Mauritania Africa ?
Mauritius Africa ?
Mexico Latin America PROHIBITED
Micronesia Oceania ?
Moldova Europe PROHIBITED
Monaco Europe ?
Mongolia Asia ?
Montenegro Europe ?
Morocco Africa ?
Mozambique Africa ?
Myanmar Asia ?
Namibia Africa ?
Nauru Oceania ?
Nepal Asia ?
Netherlands Europe PROHIBITED
New Zealand Oceania PROHIBITED
Nicaragua Latin America ?
Niger Africa ?
Nigeria Africa ?
North Korea Asia ?
Norway Europe PROHIBITED
Oman Asia ?
Pakistan Asia ?
Palau Oceania ?
Panama Latin America PROHIBITED
Papua New Guinea Oceania ?
Paraguay Latin America ?
Peru Latin America PROHIBITED
Philippines Asia ?
Poland Europe PROHIBITED
Portugal Europe PROHIBITED
Qatar Asia PROHIBITED
Republic of the Congo Africa ?
Romania Europe PROHIBITED
Russia Europe PROHIBITED
Rwanda Africa ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America ?
Saint Lucia Latin America ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America ?
Samoa Oceania ?
San Marino Europe PROHIBITED
Sao Tome and Principe Africa ?
Saudi Arabia Asia ?
Senegal Africa ?
Serbia Europe ?
Seychelles Africa ?
Sierra Leone Africa ?
Singapore Asia regulated
Slovakia Europe PROHIBITED
Slovenia Europe PROHIBITED
Solomon Islands Oceania ?
Somalia Africa ?
South Africa Africa permitted
South Korea Asia regulated
Spain Europe regulated
Sri Lanka Asia ?
Sudan Africa ?
Suriname Latin America ?
Swaziland Africa ?
Sweden Europe regulated
Switzerland Europe PROHIBITED
Syrian Arab Republic Asia ?
Taiwan Asia PROHIBITED
Tajikistan Asia ?
Tanzania Africa ?
Thailand Asia regulated
Timor-Leste Asia ?
Togo Africa ?
Tonga Oceania ?
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America ?
Tunisia Africa PROHIBITED
Turkey Asia no policy
Turkmenistan Asia ?
Tuvalu Oceania ?
Uganda Africa ?
Ukraine Europe ?
United Arab Emirates Asia PROHIBITED
United Kingdom Europe regulated
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Europe regulated
United States
United States of America Northern America no policy
Uruguay Latin America ?
Uzbekistan Asia ?
Vanuatu Oceania ?
Venezuela Latin America ?
Vietnam Asia PROHIBITED
Yemen Africa ?
Zambia Africa ?
Zimbabwe Africa ?
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