Reproductive cloning

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Reproductive cloning is the production of a genetic duplicate of an existing or dead organism. A human clone would be a genetic copy of an existing or dead person. The procedure involves creation of a clonal zygote by inserting the nucleus of a (diploid) somatic cell into an egg cell from which the (haploid) nucleus has been removed. This process is called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). With appropriate electrical and chemical stimulation, the clonal zygote will begin to differentiate, and if implanted in a women’s uterus could come to term. Although reproductive cloning of laboratory animals is now a common, it has proven difficult to create viable clonal human zygotes. Experiments with primates may suggest ways this difficulty might be overcome. Scientists, public officials and the general public have expressed strong opposition to human reproductive cloning, and many governmental and international bodies have adopted legislation banning this practice.

Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding human reproductive cloning.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • regulated: This practice is allowed and regulated by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but is not regulated.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


  Region Reproductive cloning
Afghanistan Asia ?
Albania Europe PROHIBITED
Algeria Africa ?
Andorra Europe ?
Angola Africa ?
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America ?
Argentina Latin America PROHIBITED
Armenia Asia ?
Australia Oceania PROHIBITED
Austria Europe PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan Asia ?
Bahamas Latin America ?
Bahrain Asia ?
Bangladesh Asia ?
Barbados Latin America ?
Belarus Europe ?
Belgium Europe PROHIBITED
Belize Latin America ?
Benin Africa ?
Bhutan Asia ?
Bolivia Latin America ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe ?
Botswana Africa ?
Brazil Latin America PROHIBITED
Brunei Asia ?
Bulgaria Europe PROHIBITED
Burkina Faso Africa ?
Burundi Africa ?
Cambodia Asia ?
Cameroon Africa ?
Canada Northern America PROHIBITED
Cape Verde Africa ?
Central African Republic Africa ?
Chad Africa ?
Chile Latin America PROHIBITED
China Asia PROHIBITED
Colombia Latin America PROHIBITED
Comoros Africa ?
Cook Islands Oceania ?
Costa Rica Latin America PROHIBITED
Croatia Europe PROHIBITED
Cuba Latin America PROHIBITED
Cyprus Asia PROHIBITED
Czech Republic Europe PROHIBITED
Côte d'Ivoire Africa ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa ?
Denmark Europe PROHIBITED
Djibouti Africa ?
Dominica Latin America ?
Dominican Republic Latin America ?
Ecuador Latin America PROHIBITED
Egypt Africa PROHIBITED
El Salvador Latin America PROHIBITED
Equatorial Guinea Africa ?
Eritrea Africa ?
Estonia Europe PROHIBITED
Ethiopia Africa ?
Fiji Oceania ?
Finland Europe PROHIBITED
France Europe PROHIBITED
Gabon Africa ?
Gambia Africa ?
Georgia Asia PROHIBITED
Germany Europe PROHIBITED
Ghana Africa ?
Greece Europe PROHIBITED
Grenada Latin America ?
Guatemala Latin America ?
Guinea Africa ?
Guinea-Bissau Africa ?
Guyana Latin America ?
Haiti Latin America ?
Honduras Latin America ?
Hong Kong Asia ?
Hungary Europe PROHIBITED
Iceland Europe PROHIBITED
India Asia PROHIBITED
Indonesia Asia ?
Iran Asia ?
Iraq Asia ?
Ireland Europe PROHIBITED
Israel Asia PROHIBITED
Italy Europe PROHIBITED
Jamaica Latin America no policy
Japan Asia PROHIBITED
Jordan Asia ?
Kazakhstan Asia ?
Kenya Africa ?
Kiribati Oceania ?
Kosovo Asia ?
Kuwait Asia ?
Kyrgyzstan Asia ?
Laos Asia ?
Latvia Europe PROHIBITED
Lebanon Asia PROHIBITED
Lesotho Africa ?
Liberia Africa ?
Libya Africa ?
Liechtenstein Europe ?
Lithuania Europe PROHIBITED
Luxembourg Europe PROHIBITED
Macedonia Europe ?
Madagascar Africa ?
Malawi Africa ?
Malaysia Asia PROHIBITED
Maldives Asia ?
Mali Africa ?
Malta Europe PROHIBITED
Marshall Islands Oceania ?
Mauritania Africa ?
Mauritius Africa ?
Mexico Latin America PROHIBITED
Micronesia Oceania ?
Moldova Europe PROHIBITED
Monaco Europe ?
Mongolia Asia ?
Montenegro Europe PROHIBITED
Morocco Africa ?
Mozambique Africa ?
Myanmar Asia ?
Namibia Africa ?
Nauru Oceania ?
Nepal Asia ?
Netherlands Europe PROHIBITED
New Zealand Oceania PROHIBITED
Nicaragua Latin America ?
Niger Africa ?
Nigeria Africa ?
North Korea Asia ?
Norway Europe PROHIBITED
Oman Asia ?
Pakistan Asia ?
Palau Oceania ?
Palestine Asia ?
Panama Latin America PROHIBITED
Papua New Guinea Oceania ?
Paraguay Latin America ?
Peru Latin America PROHIBITED
Philippines Asia PROHIBITED
Poland Europe PROHIBITED
Portugal Europe PROHIBITED
Qatar Asia PROHIBITED
Republic of the Congo Africa ?
Romania Europe PROHIBITED
Russia Europe PROHIBITED
Rwanda Africa ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America ?
Saint Lucia Latin America ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America ?
Samoa Oceania ?
San Marino Europe ?
Saudi Arabia Asia PROHIBITED
Senegal Africa ?
Serbia Europe ?
Seychelles Africa ?
Sierra Leone Africa ?
Singapore Asia PROHIBITED
Slovakia Europe PROHIBITED
Slovenia Europe PROHIBITED
Solomon Islands Oceania ?
Somalia Africa ?
South Africa Africa PROHIBITED
South Korea Asia PROHIBITED
South Sudan Africa ?
Spain Europe PROHIBITED
Sri Lanka Asia ?
Sudan Africa ?
Suriname Latin America ?
Swaziland Africa ?
Sweden Europe PROHIBITED
Switzerland Europe PROHIBITED
Syria Asia ?
São Tomé and Príncipe Africa ?
Taiwan Asia PROHIBITED
Tajikistan Asia ?
Tanzania Africa ?
Thailand Asia PROHIBITED
Timor-Leste Asia ?
Togo Africa ?
Tonga Oceania ?
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America ?
Tunisia Africa PROHIBITED
Turkey Asia no policy
Turkmenistan Asia ?
Tuvalu Oceania ?
Uganda Africa ?
Ukraine Europe PROHIBITED
United Arab Emirates Asia PROHIBITED
United Kingdom Europe PROHIBITED
United States
Uruguay Latin America PROHIBITED
Uzbekistan Asia ?
Vanuatu Oceania ?
Venezuela Latin America ?
Vietnam Asia PROHIBITED
Yemen Africa PROHIBITED
Zambia Africa ?
Zimbabwe Africa ?