Romania

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Romania
Romania-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 22246862
GDP (millions USD) 165983
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Law 63/2012

Prohibited practices

Romania's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on:

  • PGD for social uses
  • Research cloning
  • Somatic genetic enhancement
  • Inheritable genetic modification
  • Reproductive cloning

Section 14 of law 63/2012 prohibits:

  • Abusive production of embryos
  • Genetic manipulation of embryos
  • Post-mortem insemination
  • Illegal donation of embryos
  • Gametes trafficking
  • Collection of gametes without consent
  • Mixing gametes
  • Selective abortion of embryos of a certain sex

Permitted and regulated practices

In order to access assisted reproduction:

  • A man and a woman need to fulfill the following conditions, according to Law 63/2012, Art. 21:
    • To be alive
    • To be at the biological reproductive age
    • To be married or be able to prove a common life together of at least 2 years
    • To consent previously to the transfer of embryos or to artificial insemination
  • According to Art. 13, access to assisted reproduction is granted to any woman or man suffering from sterility that cannot be treated with a classic method of treatment or surgical intervention.


Permitted techniques (Art. 15) are:

  • Artificial insemination
  • In vitro fecundation
  • Transfer of embryos

Donor gametes may be used in the case of genetic or communicable diseases of the partner (Art. 16).

[edit] References