Difference between revisions of "Singapore"

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|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Introduction=
 
|Introduction=
|Key laws and policies=* [http://agcvldb4.agc.gov.sg/non_version/cgi-bin/cgi_retrieve.pl?actno=REVED-131B&doctitle=HUMAN%20CLONING%20AND%20OTHER%20PROHIBITED%20PRACTICES%20ACT%0A&date=latest&method=part&sl=1 Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act] (September 2 2004)
+
|Key laws and policies=* [http://agcvldb4.agc.gov.sg/non_version/cgi-bin/cgi_retrieve.pl?actno=REVED-131B&doctitle=HUMAN%20CLONING%20AND%20OTHER%20PROHIBITED%20PRACTICES%20ACT%0A&date=latest&method=part&sl=1 Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act] (September 2, 2004)
 
* National Medical Ethics Committee, Ethical Guidelines for Gene Technology (2001)  
 
* National Medical Ethics Committee, Ethical Guidelines for Gene Technology (2001)  
 
* Bioethics Advisory Committee of Singapore, [http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/55211%20PMGT%20Research.pdf Genetic Testing and Genetic Research] (2005)
 
* Bioethics Advisory Committee of Singapore, [http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/55211%20PMGT%20Research.pdf Genetic Testing and Genetic Research] (2005)
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* Status of Children (Assisted Reproduction Technology) Act 2013 [http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;page=0;query=CompId%3Ae5da4c93-24c2-48cb-9f33-3e7833a1194a;rec=0;resUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fstatutes.agc.gov.sg%2Faol%2Fbrowse%2FtitleResults.w3p%3Bletter%3DS%3BpNum%3D1%3Btype%3DactsAll#legis]
 
* Status of Children (Assisted Reproduction Technology) Act 2013 [http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;page=0;query=CompId%3Ae5da4c93-24c2-48cb-9f33-3e7833a1194a;rec=0;resUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fstatutes.agc.gov.sg%2Faol%2Fbrowse%2FtitleResults.w3p%3Bletter%3DS%3BpNum%3D1%3Btype%3DactsAll#legis]
 
|Foundational values=
 
|Foundational values=
|Prohibited practices=REPRODUCTIVE CLONING
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|Prohibited practices='''Reproductive Cloning'''
  
 
* Reproductive cloning is prohibited by the Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act.  
 
* Reproductive cloning is prohibited by the Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act.  
  
SURROGACY
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 +
'''Surrogacy'''
  
 
* The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services prohibit surrogacy.
 
* The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services prohibit surrogacy.
  
COMMERCIAL PAYMENTS
 
* Payment for eggs is prohibited
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
 
  
* IVF and other ARTs are widely available and government subsidised.  
+
'''Commercial Payments'''
 +
 
 +
* Payment for eggs is prohibited.
 +
|Permitted and regulated practices='''Assisted Reproduction'''
 +
 
 +
* IVF and other ARTs are widely available and government subsidized.  
 
* Gamete and embryo donation is permitted but may only be used by married couples.  
 
* Gamete and embryo donation is permitted but may only be used by married couples.  
  
EGG DONATION
+
 
 +
'''Egg Donation'''
  
 
* The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act and the Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services  permit providing eggs, but prohibit payments.
 
* The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act and the Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services  permit providing eggs, but prohibit payments.
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SEX SELECTION
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'''Sex Selection'''
  
 
* The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit sex selection only for medical purposes.
 
* The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit sex selection only for medical purposes.
  
CREATION OF EMBRYOS
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 +
'''Creation of Embryos'''
  
 
The "Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" states that the creation of human embryos either through IVF or SCNT for research purposes can only be justified where:
 
The "Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" states that the creation of human embryos either through IVF or SCNT for research purposes can only be justified where:
  
# There is strong scientific merit in, and potential medical benefit from, such research;
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*There is strong scientific merit in, and potential medical benefit from, such research.
# no acceptable alternative exists; and
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*No acceptable alternative exists.
# on a highly selective, case-by-case basis, with specific approval from the proposed statutory body. <ref name = unesco>UNESCO, "[http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001342/134277e.pdf National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning]," 2004</ref>
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*On a highly selective, case-by-case basis, with specific approval from the proposed statutory body. <ref name = unesco>UNESCO, "[http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001342/134277e.pdf National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning]," 2004.</ref>
 
|Regulatory activities=The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act authorizes government enforcement agencies to inspect relevant premises.
 
|Regulatory activities=The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act authorizes government enforcement agencies to inspect relevant premises.
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|Accountability and governance=

Revision as of 12:25, 16 July 2015

Singapore
Singapore flag.gif
Information
Region Asia
Population 4680600
GDP (millions USD) 161349
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research commercial prohibited
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning regulated
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Status of Children (Assisted Reproduction Technology) Act 2013 [1]

Prohibited practices

Reproductive Cloning

  • Reproductive cloning is prohibited by the Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act.


Surrogacy

  • The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services prohibit surrogacy.


Commercial Payments

  • Payment for eggs is prohibited.

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • IVF and other ARTs are widely available and government subsidized.
  • Gamete and embryo donation is permitted but may only be used by married couples.


Egg Donation

  • The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act and the Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit providing eggs, but prohibit payments.
  • Egg donors must be less than 35 years old.


Sex Selection

  • The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit sex selection only for medical purposes.


Creation of Embryos

The "Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" states that the creation of human embryos either through IVF or SCNT for research purposes can only be justified where:

  • There is strong scientific merit in, and potential medical benefit from, such research.
  • No acceptable alternative exists.
  • On a highly selective, case-by-case basis, with specific approval from the proposed statutory body. [1]

Regulatory activities

The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act authorizes government enforcement agencies to inspect relevant premises.

References

  1. UNESCO, "National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning," 2004.