Difference between revisions of "Singapore"

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|image_flag=Singapore_flag.gif
 
|image_flag=Singapore_flag.gif
 
|Region=Asia
 
|Region=Asia
|Population=4,680,600
+
|Population=4680600
|GDP=161,349
+
|GDP=161349
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=commercial prohibited
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=commercial prohibited
 
|Eggs for research=commercial prohibited
 
|Eggs for research=commercial prohibited
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=?
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=?
|Preimplantation genetic diagnosis=?
+
|Preimplantation genetic diagnosis=social uses prohibited
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=regulated
 
|Research cloning=regulated
|Sex selection=social uses prohibited
+
|Sex selection=Social uses prohibited
 
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
 
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
 +
|European Union=
 +
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
 +
|Council of Europe=
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
Line 18: Line 21:
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
|Key laws and policies=* [http://agcvldb4.agc.gov.sg/non_version/cgi-bin/cgi_retrieve.pl?actno=REVED-131B&doctitle=HUMAN%20CLONING%20AND%20OTHER%20PROHIBITED%20PRACTICES%20ACT%0A&date=latest&method=part&sl=1 Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act] (September 2 2004)
+
|Introduction=
 +
|Key laws and policies=* [http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;page=0;query=DocId%3A2afd7a69-d851-4c4c-a8de-3202bc23a724%20Depth%3A0%20ValidTime%3A31%2F07%2F2005%20TransactionTime%3A31%2F07%2F2005%20Status%3Ainforce;rec=0;whole=yes Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act] (September 2, 2004)
 
* National Medical Ethics Committee, Ethical Guidelines for Gene Technology (2001)  
 
* National Medical Ethics Committee, Ethical Guidelines for Gene Technology (2001)  
* Bioethics Advisory Committee of Singapore, [http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/55211%20PMGT%20Research.pdf Genetic Testing and Genetic Research] (2005)
+
* Bioethics Advisory Committee of Singapore, [http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/images/uploadfile/55211%20PMGT%20Research.pdf Genetic Testing and Genetic Research] (2005)
* Ministry of Health, Licensing & Accreditation Branch, [https://www.moh-ela.gov.sg/ela/docroot/html/assisted_reproduction_services_directives.pdf Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services]: Regulation 4 of the Private Hospitals and Medical Clinics Regulations (CAP 248, Reg 1), (March 2006)
+
* Ministry of Health, Licensing & Accreditation Branch, [https://www.moh.gov.sg/content/dam/moh_web/Publications/Guidelines/Private%20healthcare%20institutions/2006/assisted_reproduction_services_directives.pdf Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services]: Regulation 4 of the Private Hospitals and Medical Clinics Regulations (CAP 248, Reg 1), (March 2006)
|Prohibited practices=Reproductive cloning is prohibited by the Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act.
+
  
The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services prohibit surrogacy.
+
* [http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;page=0;query=Id%3Ae5ae9ad6-fb15-4633-a66c-b2e0188d7b8f%20Depth%3A0%20Status%3Apublished%20Published%3A09%2F09%2F2013;rec=0;resUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fstatutes.agc.gov.sg%2Faol%2Fsearch%2Fsummary%2Fresults.w3p Status of Children (Assisted Reproduction Technology) Act 2013]
|Permitted and regulated practices=The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act and the Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services  permit providing eggs, but prohibit payments.
+
|Foundational values=
 +
|Prohibited practices='''Reproductive Cloning'''
  
The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit sex selection only for medical purposes.
+
* Reproductive cloning is prohibited by the Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act.
The "Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" states that the creation of human embryos either through IVF or SCNT for research purposes can only be justified where:
+
  
# There is strong scientific merit in, and potential medical benefit from, such research;
 
# no acceptable alternative exists; and
 
# on a highly selective, case-by-case basis, with specific approval from the proposed statutory body. <ref name = unesco>UNESCO, "[http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001342/134277e.pdf National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning]," 2004</ref>
 
  
Egg donors must be less than 35 years old. <ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
+
'''Surrogacy'''
 +
 
 +
* The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services prohibit surrogacy.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Commercial Payments'''
 +
 
 +
* Payment for eggs is prohibited.
 +
|Permitted and regulated practices='''Assisted Reproduction'''
 +
 
 +
* IVF and other ARTs are widely available and government subsidized.
 +
* Gamete and embryo donation is permitted but may only be used by married couples.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Egg Donation'''
 +
 
 +
* The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act and the Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services  permit providing eggs, but prohibit payments.
 +
* Egg donors must be less than 35 years old.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Sex Selection'''
 +
 
 +
* The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit sex selection only for medical purposes.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Creation of Embryos'''
 +
 
 +
The "Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" states that the creation of human embryos either through IVF or SCNT for research purposes can only be justified where:
 +
 
 +
*There is strong scientific merit in, and potential medical benefit from, such research.
 +
*No acceptable alternative exists.
 +
*On a highly selective, case-by-case basis, with specific approval from the proposed statutory body. <ref name = unesco>UNESCO, "[http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001342/134277e.pdf National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning]," 2004.</ref>
 
|Regulatory activities=The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act authorizes government enforcement agencies to inspect relevant premises.
 
|Regulatory activities=The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act authorizes government enforcement agencies to inspect relevant premises.
 +
 +
See also: Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, "[http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/index/news/bac-news-press-releases/97-donation-of-human-eggs-for-research.html Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper]" (November 7, 2007).
 +
|Accountability and governance=
 +
|History=
 +
|External links=
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 16:26, 29 July 2015

Singapore
Singapore flag.gif
Information
Region Asia
Population 4680600
GDP (millions USD) 161349
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research commercial prohibited
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning regulated
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

Reproductive Cloning

  • Reproductive cloning is prohibited by the Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act.


Surrogacy

  • The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services prohibit surrogacy.


Commercial Payments

  • Payment for eggs is prohibited.

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • IVF and other ARTs are widely available and government subsidized.
  • Gamete and embryo donation is permitted but may only be used by married couples.


Egg Donation

  • The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act and the Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit providing eggs, but prohibit payments.
  • Egg donors must be less than 35 years old.


Sex Selection

  • The Directives for Private Healthcare Institutions Providing Assisted Reproduction Services permit sex selection only for medical purposes.


Creation of Embryos

The "Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" states that the creation of human embryos either through IVF or SCNT for research purposes can only be justified where:

  • There is strong scientific merit in, and potential medical benefit from, such research.
  • No acceptable alternative exists.
  • On a highly selective, case-by-case basis, with specific approval from the proposed statutory body. [1]

Regulatory activities

The Human Cloning and Other Prohibited Practices Act authorizes government enforcement agencies to inspect relevant premises.

See also: Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, "Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper" (November 7, 2007).

[edit] References

  1. UNESCO, "National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning," 2004.