South Africa

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South Africa
South Africa Flag.jpg
Region Africa
Population 43,700,000
GDP (millions USD) 282,630
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction no policy
Eggs for research no policy
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning permitted
Sex selection no policy
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Key laws and policies

Foundational values

The South African government practices the precautionary principle by stating, "The risk attached to the use of the technique on humans carries the possibility of hormonal manipulation in the egg donor, multiple miscarriages in the birth mother, and severe developmental abnormalities in any resulting child. The potential harms outweigh the potential benefits, and until studies in animal systems reverse this circumstance, we recommend that the use of human nuclear transfer cloning to create a new life should be prohibited."[1]

It is recommended that recommendations of the US National Bioethics Advisory Committee should regulate the donation of human embryos for stem cell research.[2]

Prohibited practices

The following practices are prohibited by the National Health Act:

  • Inheritable genetic modification
  • Reproductive cloning

Permitted and regulated practices

South Africa does not regulate preimplantation genetic diagnosis explicitly by legislation or professional guidelines. However, the Medical Research Council of South Africa states that selecting sex is unethical if done for non-medical purposes.

The National Health Act permits research cloning.

Egg donation is permitted under guidelines, both for reproduction and for research; compensation is limited to reimbursement of expenses.[3][4]

Surrogacy is covered by guidelines, implying the absence of national law. [3]

External links bills&p_doc_col=draft_bill&p_mime_col=mime_type&p_id=588648


  3. 3.0 3.1 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)
  4. Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, “Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper,” 7 November 2007