Summary of national policies

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The Table shows the laws and policies currently in effect in all countries regarding the highlighted practices and technologies.

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • regulated: This practice is allowed and regulated by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but is not regulated.
  • allowed: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but social uses are not prohibited.
  • social uses prohibited: Social (or nonmedical) use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • commercial prohibited: Commercial use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law, but non-commercial use is allowed.
  • commercial allowed: Commercial use of this practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • unrecognized: Surrogacy contracts are explicitly unrecognized by national law or by other mechanism which carries the force of law.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


  Population Eggs for assisted reproduction Eggs for research Inheritable genetic modification Preimplantation genetic diagnosis Reproductive cloning Research cloning Sex selection Surrogacy
Afghanistan 31,889,923 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Albania 3,600,523 ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Algeria 38,481,705 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Andorra 71,822 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Angola 15,941,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Antigua and Barbuda 82,786 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Argentina 40,301,927 permitted no policy no policy no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED no policy ?
Armenia 3,229,900 permitted ? ? ? ? ? ? commercial allowed
Australia 21,260,000 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Austria 8,316,487 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan 8,653,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Bahamas 330,549 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bahrain 1,046,814 PROHIBITED ? ? social uses prohibited ? ? regulated PROHIBITED
Bangladesh 150,448,340 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Barbados 279,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Belarus 9,689,800 permitted permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited ? ? Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Belgium 10,584,534 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated ? commercial prohibited
Belize 314,275 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Benin 8,439,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bhutan 672,425 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bolivia 9,119,152 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,981,239 ? ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited ? PROHIBITED ? no policy
Botswana 1,639,833 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Brazil 186,757,608 commercial prohibited no policy PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED no policy commercial prohibited
Brunei 391,450 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Bulgaria 7,933,000 commercial prohibited permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Burkina Faso 13,228,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Burundi 7,548,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cambodia 13,971,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cameroon 17,795,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Canada 33,255,000 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Cape Verde 499,796 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Central African Republic 4,216,666 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Chad 10,780,600 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Chile 16,598,074 no policy ? ? no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? unrecognized
China 1,321,851,888 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Colombia 44,087,000 permitted ? PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED no policy ?
Comoros 798,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cook Islands 18,700 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Costa Rica 4,133,884 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
Croatia 4,453,500 permitted no policy PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Cuba 11,394,043 permitted ? ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited ?
Cyprus 788,457 ? ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
Czech Republic 10,381,130 commercial prohibited ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Côte d'Ivoire 18,013,409 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo 62,600,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Denmark 5,475,791 commercial allowed permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Djibouti 496,374 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Dominica 71,727 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Dominican Republic 9,760,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Ecuador 13,755,680 no policy ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED no policy ?
Egypt 80,335,036 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED no policy social uses prohibited PROHIBITED no policy Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
El Salvador 6,600,000 ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Equatorial Guinea 504,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Eritrea 4,401,009 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Estonia 1,340,602 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
Ethiopia 75,067,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Fiji 853,445 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Finland 5,308,208 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
France 64,473,140 commercial allowed commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Gabon 1,454,867 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Gambia 1,700,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Georgia 4,661,473 ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial allowed
Germany 82,210,000 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Ghana 23,000,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Greece 11,216,708 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Grenada 110,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Guatemala 13,000,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Guinea 9,402,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Guinea-Bissau 1,586,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Guyana 751,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Haiti 8,706,497 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Honduras 7,483,763 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Hong Kong 7,234,800 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? ? commercial prohibited; unrecognized
Hungary 10,053,000 commercial allowed commercial allowed PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Iceland 316,252 permitted permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
India 1,132,446,000 no policy no policy PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited no policy
Indonesia 234,693,997 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Iran 71,208,000 ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED ? permitted
Iraq 29,267,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Ireland 6,000,000 commercial prohibited ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Israel 7,282,000 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited no policy social uses prohibited PROHIBITED permitted ? commercial allowed
Italy 59,448,163 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Jamaica 2,651,000 no policy no policy no policy no policy no policy no policy no policy no policy
Japan 127,433,494 PROHIBITED commercial prohibited PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED regulated no policy no policy
Jordan 6,053,193 PROHIBITED ? ? no policy ? no policy no policy PROHIBITED
Kazakhstan 15,217,711 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? permitted
Kenya 34,707,800 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Kiribati 103,500 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Kosovo 1,859,203 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Kuwait 2,390,543 ? PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Kyrgyzstan 5,264,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Laos 6,521,998 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Latvia 2,270,700 permitted permitted ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Lebanon 4,196,453 PROHIBITED ? ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Lesotho 1,795,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Liberia 3,386,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Libya 6,173,579 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Liechtenstein 35,365 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? permitted
Lithuania 3,369,600 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Luxembourg 480,222 ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
Macedonia 2,038,514 permitted ? ? ? ? ? Social uses prohibited unrecognized
Madagascar 19,448,815 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Malawi 12,884,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Malaysia 27,496,000 commercial prohibited ? ? no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Maldives 300,000 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Mali 11,995,402 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Malta 402,000 ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Marshall Islands 61,963 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Mauritania 3,069,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Mauritius 1,256,739 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Mexico 108,700,891 no policy ? PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Micronesia 107,862 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Moldova 4,128,047 ? ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Monaco 32,671 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Mongolia 2,951,786 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Montenegro 684,736 commercial prohibited ? ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Morocco 33,757,175 PROHIBITED no policy ? no policy ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Mozambique 21,397,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Myanmar 55,390,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Namibia 1,820,916 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Nauru 9,275 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Nepal 28,901,790 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Netherlands 16,408,557 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
New Zealand 4,252,000 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED commercial prohibited
Nicaragua 5,603,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Niger 13,957,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Nigeria 148,000,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
North Korea 23,301,725 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Norway 4,752,735 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Oman 3,204,897 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Pakistan 169,300,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? unrecognized
Palau 20,842 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Palestine 4,550,368 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Panama 3,320,000 ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? ?
Papua New Guinea 6,300,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Paraguay 6,158,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Peru 28,674,757 no policy ? PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? ?
Philippines 90,500,000 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Poland 38,518,241 ? ? PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Portugal 10,848,692 permitted ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Qatar 907,229 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Republic of the Congo 3,999,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Romania 22,246,862 commercial prohibited ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED no policy
Russia 142,008,838 commercial allowed commercial allowed ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial allowed
Rwanda 10,186,063 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis 42,696 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Saint Lucia 160,765 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Samoa 214,265 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
San Marino 29,615 ? ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited ? PROHIBITED ? ?
Saudi Arabia 27,601,038 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Senegal 11,658,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Serbia 10,150,265 permitted ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Seychelles 80,699 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Sierra Leone 5,900,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Singapore 4,680,600 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Slovakia 5,447,502 permitted ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
Slovenia 2,023,358 commercial prohibited ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Solomon Islands 552,438 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Somalia 9,558,666 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
South Africa 43,700,000 commercial prohibited no policy PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED permitted Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
South Korea 49,044,790 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated PROHIBITED commercial prohibited
South Sudan 8,260,490 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Spain 45,200,737 commercial prohibited commercial allowed PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated ? PROHIBITED
Sri Lanka 19,668,000 permitted ? ? ? ? ? Social uses prohibited no policy
Sudan 39,379,358 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Suriname 470,784 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Swaziland 1,032,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Sweden 9,182,927 commercial prohibited permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Switzerland 7,591,400 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Syria 19,405,000 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
São Tomé and Príncipe 157,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Taiwan 22,911,000 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Tajikistan 6,920,300 PROHIBITED ? ? ? ? ? Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Tanzania 37,849,133 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Thailand 63,038,247 commercial prohibited ? ? social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Timor-Leste 1,115,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Togo 5,700,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Tonga 112,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Trinidad and Tobago 1,305,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Tunisia 10,102,000 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Turkey 70,586,256 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited no policy no policy ? PROHIBITED
Turkmenistan 5,110,023 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED
Tuvalu 11,992 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Uganda 30,900,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Ukraine 46,372,700 permitted ? ? ? PROHIBITED ? ? commercial allowed
United Arab Emirates 46,372,700 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
United Kingdom 60,587,300 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
United States
Uruguay 3,460,607 commercial prohibited ? PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Uzbekistan 26,593,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? no policy
Vanuatu 209,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Venezuela 28,199,822 no policy ? ? no policy ? ? ? ?
Vietnam 87,375,000 commercial prohibited ? PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Yemen 23,013,376 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Zambia 11,668,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Zimbabwe 13,010,000 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?