Surrogacy

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Surrogacy is the process through which a women carries to term a child conceived with the egg of another woman. It is most often used to allow women who are unable to carry a child, but whose eggs are viable, to have a genetically-related child. Many surrogacies involve no financial considerations between the parties involved. In other cases there may be an agreement to compensate the surrogate for expenses and, perhaps, lost wages, involved while carrying the child. In still other surrogacies compensation may be agreed to that is more than compensatory.

Some countries prohibit all surrogacy arrangements. In other countries the practice is allowed, but compensation is limited to expenses, and perhaps lost wages. Still other countries have no regulations and market-like conditions prevail.

Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding surrogacy.

Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • commercial prohibited: Commercial use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law, but non-commercial use is allowed.
  • commercial allowed: Commercial use of this practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but policies concerning compensation are unknown.
  • unrecognized: Surrogacy contracts are explicitly unrecognized by national law or by other mechanism which carries the force of law.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


Country Region Surrogacy
Afghanistan Asia ?
Albania Europe ?
Algeria Africa ?
Andorra Europe ?
Angola Africa ?
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America ?
Argentina Latin America no policy
Armenia Asia ?
Australia Oceania commercial prohibited; unrecognized
Austria Europe PROHIBITED
Azerbaijan Asia ?
Bahamas Latin America ?
Bahrain Asia ?
Bangladesh Asia ?
Barbados Latin America ?
Belarus Europe ?
Belgium Europe no policy
Belize Latin America ?
Benin Africa ?
Bhutan Asia ?
Bolivia Latin America ?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe ?
Botswana Africa ?
Brazil Latin America no policy
Brunei Asia ?
Bulgaria Europe ?
Burkina Faso Africa ?
Burundi Africa ?
Cambodia Asia ?
Cameroon Africa ?
Canada Northern America commercial prohibited
Cape Verde Africa ?
Central African Republic Africa ?
Chad Africa ?
Chile Latin America ?
China Asia PROHIBITED
Colombia Latin America no policy
Comoros Africa ?
Cook Islands Oceania ?
Costa Rica Latin America ?
Croatia Europe no policy
Cuba Latin America ?
Cyprus Asia ?
Czech Republic Europe no policy
Côte d'Ivoire Africa ?
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa ?
Denmark Europe commercial prohibited; unrecognized
Djibouti Africa ?
Dominica Latin America ?
Dominican Republic Latin America ?
Ecuador Latin America no policy
Egypt Africa no policy
El Salvador Latin America ?
Equatorial Guinea Africa ?
Eritrea Africa ?
Estonia Europe ?
Ethiopia Africa ?
Fiji Oceania ?
Finland Europe PROHIBITED
France Europe PROHIBITED
Gabon Africa ?
Gambia Africa ?
Georgia Asia ?
Germany Europe PROHIBITED
Ghana Africa ?
Greece Europe commercial prohibited
Grenada Latin America ?
Guatemala Latin America ?
Guinea Africa ?
Guinea-Bissau Africa ?
Guyana Latin America ?
Haiti Latin America ?
Honduras Latin America ?
Hungary Europe permitted
Iceland Europe ?
India Asia commercial allowed
Indonesia Asia ?
Iran Asia ?
Iraq Asia ?
Ireland Europe ?
Israel Asia commercial prohibited
Italy Europe PROHIBITED
Jamaica Latin America ?
Japan Asia unrecognized
Jordan Asia no policy
Kazakhstan Asia ?
Kenya Africa ?
Kuwait Asia ?
Kyrgyzstan Asia ?
Laos Asia ?
Latvia Europe PROHIBITED
Lebanon Asia ?
Lesotho Africa ?
Liberia Africa ?
Libya Africa ?
Liechtenstein Europe ?
Lithuania Europe ?
Luxembourg Europe ?
Macedonia Europe ?
Madagascar Africa ?
Malawi Africa ?
Malaysia Asia no policy
Maldives Asia ?
Mali Africa ?
Malta Europe ?
Marshall Islands Oceania ?
Mauritania Africa ?
Mauritius Africa ?
Mexico Latin America ?
Micronesia Oceania ?
Moldova Europe ?
Monaco Europe ?
Mongolia Asia ?
Montenegro Europe ?
Morocco Africa no policy
Mozambique Africa ?
Myanmar Asia ?
Namibia Africa ?
Nauru Oceania ?
Nepal Asia ?
Netherlands Europe commercial prohibited
New Zealand Oceania commercial prohibited; unrecognized
Nicaragua Latin America ?
Niger Africa ?
Nigeria Africa ?
North Korea Asia ?
Norway Europe PROHIBITED
Oman Asia ?
Pakistan Asia ?
Palau Oceania ?
Panama Latin America ?
Papua New Guinea Oceania ?
Paraguay Latin America ?
Peru Latin America no policy
Philippines Asia no policy
Poland Europe PROHIBITED
Portugal Europe no policy
Qatar Asia ?
Republic of the Congo Africa ?
Romania Europe no policy
Russia Europe commercial allowed
Rwanda Africa ?
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America ?
Saint Lucia Latin America ?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America ?
Samoa Oceania ?
San Marino Europe ?
Sao Tome and Principe Africa ?
Saudi Arabia Asia ?
Senegal Africa ?
Serbia Europe ?
Seychelles Africa ?
Sierra Leone Africa ?
Singapore Asia PROHIBITED
Slovakia Europe ?
Slovenia Europe PROHIBITED
Solomon Islands Oceania ?
Somalia Africa ?
South Africa Africa no policy
South Korea Asia no policy
Spain Europe unrecognized
Sri Lanka Asia ?
Sudan Africa ?
Suriname Latin America ?
Swaziland Africa ?
Sweden Europe PROHIBITED
Switzerland Europe PROHIBITED
Syrian Arab Republic Asia ?
Taiwan Asia PROHIBITED
Tajikistan Asia ?
Tanzania Africa ?
Thailand Asia no policy
Timor-Leste Asia ?
Togo Africa ?
Tonga Oceania ?
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America ?
Tunisia Africa PROHIBITED
Turkey Asia PROHIBITED
Turkmenistan Asia ?
Tuvalu Oceania ?
Uganda Africa ?
Ukraine Europe commercial allowed
United Arab Emirates Asia ?
United Kingdom Europe commercial prohibited
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Europe commercial prohibited
United States
United States of America Northern America no policy
Uruguay Latin America no policy
Uzbekistan Asia ?
Vanuatu Oceania ?
Venezuela Latin America no policy
Vietnam Asia PROHIBITED
Yemen Africa ?
Zambia Africa ?
Zimbabwe Africa ?
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