Difference between revisions of "Switzerland"

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|image_flag=Switzerland-flag.gif
 
|image_flag=Switzerland-flag.gif
 
|Region=Europe
 
|Region=Europe
|Population=7,591,400
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|Population=7591400
|GDP=423,938
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|GDP=423938
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=PROHIBITED
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=PROHIBITED
 
|Eggs for research=?
 
|Eggs for research=?
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|Sex selection=PROHIBITED
 
|Sex selection=PROHIBITED
 
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
 
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
 +
|European Union=
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=Member
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=Member
 
|Council of Europe=Member
 
|Council of Europe=Member
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|1998 COE Cloning Convention=signed
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=signed
 
|2005 UN Cloning Vote=YES
 
|2005 UN Cloning Vote=YES
 +
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=
 +
|Treaty of Lisbon=
 +
|Introduction=
 
|Key laws and policies=* [http://www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/sz00000_.html Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation] (September 2001)
 
|Key laws and policies=* [http://www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/sz00000_.html Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation] (September 2001)
 
* Federal Act on Research on Surplus Embryos and Embryonic Stem Cells (Embryonic Research Act) (November 2004)
 
* Federal Act on Research on Surplus Embryos and Embryonic Stem Cells (Embryonic Research Act) (November 2004)
 
* Federal Law on Genetic Testing (2004)
 
* Federal Law on Genetic Testing (2004)
 
* Federal Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (December 8, 1998)
 
* Federal Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (December 8, 1998)
 +
|Foundational values=
 
|Prohibited practices=The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibits the following:
 
|Prohibited practices=The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibits the following:
 
* Research cloning
 
* Research cloning
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* Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, a chimera or a hybrid, or use such cells
 
* Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, a chimera or a hybrid, or use such cells
 
* Developing a parthenote, produce embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or use such cells
 
* Developing a parthenote, produce embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or use such cells
* Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids or parhenotes described<ref>http://www.glphr.org/genetic/europe2-7.htm</ref>
+
* Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids or parhenotes described
* Surrogacy<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref><ref name=Eriksson>Maja Kirilova Eriksson, ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=GQk_1f7C5BwC&pg=PA208&lpg=PA208&dq=norway+surrogacy+law+OR+policy&source=web&ots=PYNoyHUoD_&sig=He8Exp9mF1i6L-VMWwDZHGXkPZM&hl=en Reproductive Freedom: In the Context of International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law]'', Martinus Nijhoff Publishers (1999), p. 208</ref>
+
* Surrogacy
* Eggs for assisted reproduction<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
+
* Eggs for assisted reproduction
|Permitted and regulated practices=Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.<ref>R. Bell, ed., [http://www.bioethics.ac.uk/cmsfiles/files/resources/a4_symposium_report__european_approaches_to_pgd_web_final.pdf Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis]</ref>
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|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
 +
 
 +
* ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.  
 +
* Permitted practices include
 +
** artificial insemination,  
 +
** in-vitro-fertilisation,  
 +
** the preservation of reproductive cells and  
 +
** gamete transfer.
 +
 
 +
* Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.
 +
 
 +
* ART should respect the child's best interests (the future parents should be able to raise a child).
 +
 
 +
 
 +
PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS
 +
 
 +
* Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.<ref>R. Bell, ed., [http://www.bioethics.ac.uk/cmsfiles/files/resources/a4_symposium_report__european_approaches_to_pgd_web_final.pdf Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis]</ref>
 +
|Regulatory activities=
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|Accountability and governance=
 +
|History=
 +
|External links=
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Revision as of 18:03, 22 February 2015

Switzerland
Switzerland-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 7591400
GDP (millions USD) 423938
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon not signed


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation (September 2001)
  • Federal Act on Research on Surplus Embryos and Embryonic Stem Cells (Embryonic Research Act) (November 2004)
  • Federal Law on Genetic Testing (2004)
  • Federal Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (December 8, 1998)

Prohibited practices

The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibits the following:

  • Research cloning
  • Reproductive cloning
  • Producing an embryo for research purposes
  • Producing stem cells from a research embryo
  • Modifying the hereditary patrimony of germ cells
  • Producing embryonic stem cells from an embryo whose germline was modified, or use of such cells
  • Creating a clone, a chimera or a hybrid
  • Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, a chimera or a hybrid, or use such cells
  • Developing a parthenote, produce embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or use such cells
  • Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids or parhenotes described
  • Surrogacy
  • Eggs for assisted reproduction

Permitted and regulated practices

ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

  • ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.
  • Permitted practices include
    • artificial insemination,
    • in-vitro-fertilisation,
    • the preservation of reproductive cells and
    • gamete transfer.
  • Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.
  • ART should respect the child's best interests (the future parents should be able to raise a child).


PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS

  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.[1]

References

  1. R. Bell, ed., Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis