Difference between revisions of "Switzerland"

From BioPolicyWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m
 
Line 26: Line 26:
 
* Federal Law on Genetic Testing (2004)
 
* Federal Law on Genetic Testing (2004)
 
* Federal Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (December 8, 1998) (http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/c810_11.html - RMA)  
 
* Federal Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (December 8, 1998) (http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/c810_11.html - RMA)  
* The Reproductive Medicine Ordinance (http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/c810_112_2.html - RMO).
+
* The Reproductive Medicine Ordinance (http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/c810_112_2.html - RMO)
 
|Foundational values=
 
|Foundational values=
|Prohibited practices=The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibits the following:
+
|Prohibited practices=The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibit the following:
 
* Research cloning
 
* Research cloning
 
* Reproductive cloning
 
* Reproductive cloning
Line 34: Line 34:
 
* Producing stem cells from a research embryo
 
* Producing stem cells from a research embryo
 
* Modifying the hereditary patrimony of germ cells  
 
* Modifying the hereditary patrimony of germ cells  
* Producing embryonic stem cells from an embryo whose germline was modified, or use of such cells
+
* Producing embryonic stem cells from an embryo whose germline was modified, or using such cells
* Creating a clone, a chimera or a hybrid  
+
* Creating a clone, chimera, or hybrid  
* Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, a chimera or a hybrid, or use such cells
+
* Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, chimera or hybrid, or using such cells
* Developing a parthenote, produce embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or use such cells
+
* Developing a parthenote, producing embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or using such cells
* Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids or parhenotes described
+
* Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids, or parthenotes described
 
* Surrogacy
 
* Surrogacy
 
* Eggs for assisted reproduction
 
* Eggs for assisted reproduction
|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
+
|Permitted and regulated practices='''Assisted Reproduction'''
  
 
* ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.  
 
* ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.  
* Permitted practices include
+
* Permitted practices include:
** artificial insemination,
+
** Artificial insemination  
** in-vitro-fertilisation,
+
** In vitro fertilization
** the preservation of reproductive cells and
+
** The preservation of reproductive cells
** gamete transfer.
+
** Gamete transfer  
  
 
* Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.  
 
* Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.  
  
* ART should respect the child's best interests (the future parents should be able to raise a child).
+
* ART should respect the child's best interests (and the future parents should be able to raise a child).
  
  
PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS
+
'''Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis'''
  
* Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.<ref>R. Bell, ed., [http://www.bioethics.ac.uk/cmsfiles/files/resources/a4_symposium_report__european_approaches_to_pgd_web_final.pdf Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis]</ref>
+
* Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited, but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.<ref>R. Bell, ed., [http://www.bioethics.ac.uk/cmsfiles/files/resources/a4_symposium_report__european_approaches_to_pgd_web_final.pdf Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis]</ref>
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|Accountability and governance=

Latest revision as of 16:26, 16 July 2015

Switzerland
Switzerland-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 7591400
GDP (millions USD) 423938
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon not signed


Contents

Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibit the following:

  • Research cloning
  • Reproductive cloning
  • Producing an embryo for research purposes
  • Producing stem cells from a research embryo
  • Modifying the hereditary patrimony of germ cells
  • Producing embryonic stem cells from an embryo whose germline was modified, or using such cells
  • Creating a clone, chimera, or hybrid
  • Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, chimera or hybrid, or using such cells
  • Developing a parthenote, producing embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or using such cells
  • Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids, or parthenotes described
  • Surrogacy
  • Eggs for assisted reproduction

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.
  • Permitted practices include:
    • Artificial insemination
    • In vitro fertilization
    • The preservation of reproductive cells
    • Gamete transfer
  • Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.
  • ART should respect the child's best interests (and the future parents should be able to raise a child).


Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis

  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited, but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.[1]

[edit] References

  1. R. Bell, ed., Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis