Revision as of 19:04, 22 February 2015 by Sonia Allan
Key laws and policies
- Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation (September 2001)
- Federal Act on Research on Surplus Embryos and Embryonic Stem Cells (Embryonic Research Act) (November 2004)
- Federal Law on Genetic Testing (2004)
- Federal Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (December 8, 1998) (http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/c810_11.html - RMA)
- The Reproductive Medicine Ordinance (http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/c810_112_2.html - RMO).
The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibits the following:
- Research cloning
- Reproductive cloning
- Producing an embryo for research purposes
- Producing stem cells from a research embryo
- Modifying the hereditary patrimony of germ cells
- Producing embryonic stem cells from an embryo whose germline was modified, or use of such cells
- Creating a clone, a chimera or a hybrid
- Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, a chimera or a hybrid, or use such cells
- Developing a parthenote, produce embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or use such cells
- Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids or parhenotes described
- Eggs for assisted reproduction
Permitted and regulated practices
- ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.
- Permitted practices include
- artificial insemination,
- the preservation of reproductive cells and
- gamete transfer.
- Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.
- ART should respect the child's best interests (the future parents should be able to raise a child).
PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS
- Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.