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Region Europe
Population 7591400
GDP (millions USD) 423938
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon not signed


Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

The Constitution and the Embryonic Research Act prohibits the following:

  • Research cloning
  • Reproductive cloning
  • Producing an embryo for research purposes
  • Producing stem cells from a research embryo
  • Modifying the hereditary patrimony of germ cells
  • Producing embryonic stem cells from an embryo whose germline was modified, or use of such cells
  • Creating a clone, a chimera or a hybrid
  • Producing embryonic stem cells from a clone, a chimera or a hybrid, or use such cells
  • Developing a parthenote, produce embryonic stem cells from a parthenote, or use such cells
  • Importing or exporting any of the embryos, clones, chimeras, hybrids or parhenotes described
  • Surrogacy
  • Eggs for assisted reproduction

Permitted and regulated practices


  • ART may be used only if a couple is unable to have children without help or if there is no other way of avoiding the risk of transmitting a serious incurable disease.
  • Permitted practices include
    • artificial insemination,
    • in-vitro-fertilisation,
    • the preservation of reproductive cells and
    • gamete transfer.
  • Only married couples may use donated sperm cells.
  • ART should respect the child's best interests (the future parents should be able to raise a child).


  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is generally thought to be prohibited but there are suggestions that the Federal Law on Genetic Testing may allow its use for medical reasons.[1]


  1. R. Bell, ed., Comparative European Approaches to Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis