Tunisia

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Tunisia
Tunisia-flag.gif
Information
Region Africa
Population 10102000
GDP (millions USD) 35,010
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research PROHIBITED
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

Assisted Reproduction

  • Ethics Opinion No. 1 (12 Dec. 1996)
  • Medically Assisted Procreation Decree No. 2003-1027 (28 April 2003)


Human Cloning

  • National Medical Ethics Committee, Opinion No. 3 (1997)

In Tunisia, ART activities are governed by the Tunisian National Committee on Medical Ethics.

Foundational values

  • The National Medical Ethics Committee banned human cloning because it deemed cloning to undermine the field of human reproduction and the dignity of the human species while opening the door to all forms of abuse.
  • Tunisia is a Muslim nation (98%), with a progressive reproductive health policy and framework that permit certain procedures, while also adhering to Islamic views.

Prohibited practices

  • Embryo selection based on sex
  • Sperm, gamete, and embryo donation
  • Financial compensation for donors
  • Surrogacy
  • Reproductive cloning
  • research on embryos

Permitted and regulated practices

  • HLA typing for genetic diseases
  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Selective abortion (with both spouses’ consent and performed for strictly therapeutic purposes)
  • Embryos and gametes may only be preserved for reproductive purposes (the written consent of both spouses is required).


External links

  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, Cairo Office, “Ethics and the Law in Biomedicine and Genetics: An Overview of National Regulations in the Arab States,” 2011. Available at http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002152/215207E.pdf, (accessed 23 February 2015).

[edit] References