Key laws and policies
Law Regulating Human Assisted Reproductive Techniques (22/11/2013 No 19.167): http://archivo.presidencia.gub.uy/sci/leyes/2013/11/msp_512.pdf or http://www.ninrial.com.uy/de-interes/legislacion/leyes/ley-no-19167/ (non-pdf version)
- Human cloning is prohibited (Art. 19).
- Alteration of human genome is prohibited (Art. 19).
Permitted and regulated practices
- Assisted reproduction is permitted for people who are infertile (married or single) (Art. 2).
- Article 7 provides that to access ART:
- People must be less than 60 years old.
- The health of the woman or offspring must not be compromised.
- Written consent by the couple, or woman, must be given.
- No more than two embryos are to be transferred to a uterus (Art. 11).
Posthumous Use of Gametes
- Is permitted for 365 days after death (Art. 9)
- Is permitted, anonymous (see below), and altruistic (Art. 12)
- Children are entitled to know their method of conception (Art. 10).
- The donor's identity may be revealed if the child or his descendants apply for a court order in accordance with Articles 21, 22, 23, and 24 of the law.
- Surrogacy is permitted only when a relative agrees to carry the embryo of a woman who cannot gestate a baby due to genetic issues or disease.
- The Honorary Commission of Assisted Reproduction must approve such arrangements.
- All other surrogacy arrangements are void.
- Is permitted for therapeutic purposes (Art. 18)