Difference between revisions of "Argentina"

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|image_flag=Argentina-flag.gif
 
|image_flag=Argentina-flag.gif
 
|Region=Latin America
 
|Region=Latin America
|Population=40,301,927
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|Population=40301927
 
|GDP=259,999
 
|GDP=259,999
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=no policy
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|Eggs for assisted reproduction=permitted
 
|Eggs for research=no policy
 
|Eggs for research=no policy
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=no policy
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=no policy
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|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Sex selection=no policy
 
|Sex selection=no policy
|Surrogacy=no policy
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|Surrogacy=?
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|European Union=
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|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
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|Council of Europe=
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
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|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
|Key laws and policies=* Prohibition on Human Cloning Research, Decree No. 200/97, ([Prohíbese los Experimentos de Clonación Relacionados con Seres Humanos]) (March 7, 1997)<ref name=ajlm>George J. Annas, Lori B. Andrews and Rosario M. Isasi, "[http://geneticsandsociety.org/article.php?id=159 Protecting the Endangered Human: Toward an International Treaty Prohibiting Cloning and Inheritable Alterations]," ''American Journal of Law and Medicine'' (Vol. 28. Nos. 2 & 3, 2002)</ref>
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|Introduction=
|Foundational values=The Prohibition on Human Cloning Research states that "it is the indelegable function of the government to defend the human dignity of all human beings, preserve their health and protect their quality of life. In addition, the government recognizes that scientific advances in cloning technology create ethical problems that opposes their own cultural values making it necessary to regulate all cloning experiments in relation to human beings."
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|Key laws and policies=* Reproducción Médicamente Asistida Ley 26.862 Acceso integral a los procedimientos y técnicas médico-asistenciales de reproducción médicamente asistida. Sancionada: Junio 5 de 2013 (Medically Assisted Reproduction Law 26.862 Comprehensive access to medical care procedures and techniques of medically assisted reproduction; enacted: June 5, 2013.)
|Prohibited practices=The Prohibition on Human Cloning Research prohibits both reproductive and research cloning.
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|Permitted and regulated practices=Assisted reproduction and embryo research are unregulated. <ref name=harmon>Shawn H.E. Harmon, "[http://www.panoptica.org/nov_fevereiro2008/A2_N10_A1.pdf Imagining Argentina: From the Moral to the Legal in Cloning and Stem Cell Research Governance in Argentina]," ''Panóptica'' (Vol. 2, No. 11, November 2007)</ref> However, surrogacy, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, and providing eggs are both covered by guidelines. Surrogacy should be approved on a case-by-case basis by a special ethics committee.<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
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*The law provides citizens (without limitations on marriage or sexual orientation) with coverage for simple and complex fertilization techniques (including for example, with or without a donation of gametes or embryos).
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* Prohibition on Human Cloning Research, Decree No. 200/97, ([Prohíbese los Experimentos de Clonación Relacionados con Seres Humanos]) (March 7, 1997)<ref name=ajlm>George J. Annas, Lori B. Andrews and Rosario M. Isasi, "[http://geneticsandsociety.org/article.php?id=159 Protecting the Endangered Human: Toward an International Treaty Prohibiting Cloning and Inheritable Alterations]," ''American Journal of Law and Medicine'' (Vol. 28. Nos. 2 & 3, 2002).</ref>
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|Foundational values=* The new laws governing Assisted Reproduction are based upon corroborative and preexisting rights under the Argentinean Constitution (Article 75, Section 22) and international treaties regarding non-discrimination and the right to raise a family, in close connection with the right to health.
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* The Prohibition on Human Cloning Research states that "it is the indelegable function of the government to defend the human dignity of all human beings, preserve their health and protect their quality of life. In addition, the government recognizes that scientific advances in cloning technology create ethical problems that opposes their own cultural values making it necessary to regulate all cloning experiments in relation to human beings."
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|Prohibited practices=*The Prohibition on Human Cloning Research prohibits both reproductive and research cloning.
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|Permitted and regulated practices=*In 2013, the first recognition by a court of a surrogacy arrangement occurred. It declared a couple parenting a child born as a result of an altruistic surrogacy arrangement to be the legal parents of that child, pursuant to Article 16 of Argentina's  Constitution and the Children's Rights Convention. The couple's own eggs and sperm were used, and the surrogate was a friend.
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*Surrogacy, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, and egg provision are covered by ethical guidelines.
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*Argentina also recently adopted new ethical guidelines that now permit embryo experimentation on non-viable embryos with stringent experimental protocols required.
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|Regulatory activities=
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|Accountability and governance=
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|History=
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|External links=* Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques LAW: http://www.infoleg.gob.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/215000-219999/216700/norma.htm
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* Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques REGULATION: http://www.infoleg.gob.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/215000-219999/217628/norma.htm
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 21:04, 27 July 2015