Difference between revisions of "China"

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|Key laws and policies=* [http://www.chinaphs.org/bioethics/regulations_&_laws.htm Ethical Guidelines on Human Embryonic Stem Cell] (January 2004)
 
|Key laws and policies=* [http://www.chinaphs.org/bioethics/regulations_&_laws.htm Ethical Guidelines on Human Embryonic Stem Cell] (January 2004)
 
* Administrative Measures for Assisted Human Reproductive Technology, Order of the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China, No 14 of 2001
 
* Administrative Measures for Assisted Human Reproductive Technology, Order of the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China, No 14 of 2001
* Ethical Principles of Assisted Human Reproductive Technology and Human Sperm Bank, Order of the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China, No 176 of 2003  
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* Ethical Principles of Assisted Human Reproductive Technology and Human Sperm Bank, Order of the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China, No 176 of 2003
 
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|Foundational values=
 
|Foundational values=
 
|Prohibited practices=REPRODUCTIVE CLONING
 
|Prohibited practices=REPRODUCTIVE CLONING
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SURROGACY
 
SURROGACY
 
*In August 2001, the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China issued  the ‘Administrative Measures for Assisted Human Reproductive Technology’, which prohibits medical institutions and medical staff from performing any form of surrogacy procedure. Any medical institution that assists a surrogacy arrangement may be subject to a fine of not more than 30,000 yuan (RMB) (Approx US$5000).  
 
*In August 2001, the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China issued  the ‘Administrative Measures for Assisted Human Reproductive Technology’, which prohibits medical institutions and medical staff from performing any form of surrogacy procedure. Any medical institution that assists a surrogacy arrangement may be subject to a fine of not more than 30,000 yuan (RMB) (Approx US$5000).  
* In addition the Ethical Principles of Assisted Human Reproductive Technology and Human Sperm Bank (updated 23 June 2003), establishes the protection of children as one of seven fundamental ethical principles of assisted human reproductive technology. This principal is seen to be guaranteed and implemented by, amongst other things, the prohibition on medical staff performing surrogate surgery.  
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* In addition the Ethical Principles of Assisted Human Reproductive Technology and Human Sperm Bank (updated 23 June 2003), establishes the protection of children as one of seven fundamental ethical principles of assisted human reproductive technology. This principal is seen to be guaranteed and implemented by, amongst other things, the prohibition on medical staff performing surrogate surgery.
* NB. Sanctions do not pertain to the surrogate mother or commissioning couple, and it has been reported that there is a significant 'underground' practice of surrogacy in China (See http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/03/world/asia/china-experiences-a-booming-black-market-in-child-surrogacy.html?_r=1).
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* In 2013, the Ministry of Health reaffirmed the surrogacy ban, while asking experts to ponder the related legal, ethical and social issues.
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* NB. The Administrative Measures Sanctions do not pertain to the surrogate mother or commissioning couple, and it has been reported that there is a significant 'underground' practice of surrogacy in China (See http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/03/world/asia/china-experiences-a-booming-black-market-in-child-surrogacy.html?_r=1).
  
 
SALE OF GAMETES
 
SALE OF GAMETES
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EGG DONATION
 
EGG DONATION
*Egg donation is practiced in circumstances where an excess number of eggs (greater than 20) have been retrieved from an IVF patient and prior consent has been given.
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*Egg donation is practiced in circumstances where an excess number of eggs (greater than 20) have been retrieved from an IVF patient and prior written consent has been given.
  
There is a general prohibition against the sale of gametes, including eggs.
 
  
Egg donation is only permissible when an excess number of eggs (> 20) are retrieved from an IVF patient who has provided prior written approval.
 
  
In Hong Kong, however, which is partially autonomous, both surrogacy and compensation for providing eggs (for reproduction and for research) are allowed.<ref name=Sing/><ref name=asrm/>
 
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Regulatory activities=

Revision as of 03:35, 15 November 2014